Things to Do in Fujian Tulou

Fujian Tulou, featured in "a Living World Heritage", "a Place of Harmony and Happiness", "Cluster of Hakka Culture", is the most extraordinary type of Chinese rural dwellings.

In 2008, there are 46 Fujian Tulou sites inscribed as World Heritage Sites. These famous Hakka Residential Earthen Houses include Tianluokeng Tulou Cluster, Hekeng Tulou Cluster, Gaobei Tulou cluster, Hongkeng Tulou Cluster, Yangxian Lou, Huiyuan Lou, Zhengfu Lou and Hegui Lou etc. They are mainly scattered in Nanjing and Yongding County.

In Nanjing and Yongding, you’ll experience the legendary Hakka culture and enjoy the authentic rural life. Discover now!

Fujian Tulou Map

Chuxi Tulou Cluster

No.1: Chuxi Tulou Cluster

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Chuxi Village, Xiayang Town, Yongding County

Chuxi Tulou Cluster, inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, is considered as the most graceful tulou cluster in Yongding County. This cluster consists of five round buildings and tens of square buildings. With great historical, scientific and artistic values, these earthen buildings were well-spaced on the hill by the river with beautiful terraced fields, presenting a grand and magnificent spectacle.

Here, you could visit Jiqinglou, Shengqilou and Yuqinglou, which are typical of the Hakka earth buildings in Chuxi Tulou Cluster; live in a local family and chat with host and hostess to know about their daily life and local customs; trek along the field path in the back mountain of Chuxi to see the beautiful idyllic views; even pick up local fruits and even try the primitive farm work; climb to the top of the nearby mountain and have a bird’s view of Chuxi Village…all could be the highlights of your tulou tour.

Gaobei Tulou Cluster

No.2: Gaobei Tulou Cluster

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Gaobei Village, Gaotou Town, Yongding County

Gaobei Tulou Cluster, selected as one of the “Yongding Hakka Earth Building”, was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 32nd World Heritage Conference held in Quebec, Canada, in July 2008.

Gaobei Tulou Cluster lies among mountains and rivers with dozens of earthen buildings in a unique design. It has dozens of tulous with various sizes and heights, mostly bigger than others. Among them, Wuyun Building, built in the Ming Dynasty (1369-1644), embodies the time-honored history of tulou. The elegant Qiaofu Building shows the patriotism of overseas Chinese. The most famous structure is the Chengqi Building, nicknamed the "King of Tulou."

Hongkeng Tulou Cluster

No.3: Hongkeng Tulou Cluster

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Hongkeng Village, Hukeng Town, Yongding County

HongKeng Tulou Cluster, also known as “Yongding Hakka Cultural Village”, is not only the most concentrated of all earthen house clusters, but also the Chinese National 5A Scenic Spot.

WIt has 3,000 large-scale, uniquely-shaped Tulou. Being a unique architectural complex with large-scale earthen buildings, Yongding Hakka Cultural Village is listed as one of the world cultural heritages. With long history, distinctive style, ingenious structure, complete functions and large scale, the local earthen buildings have developed a school of its own among the colorful Chinese traditional dwellings. Of the many buildings in the village, the Zhenchenlou, Fuyulou and Kuijulou are the most remarkable.

Nanxi Tulou Cluster

No.4: Nanxi Tulou Cluster

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location:Hukeng Town, Yongding County

Nanxi Tulou Cluster, called the "Great Wall of Tulou", has more than 100 earth buildings in the valley stretching for 10km, including two of the world cultural heritage monomer tulous: Zhenfulou “the princess of Tulou”, and Yanxianglou. And Huanjilou went through strong earthquake cracks, is also recommended to visit.

Looking from a height, South Stream passing through a long canyon, stretches for more than ten miles. There are more than a hundred round, square, D-shaped and other shapes of earth buildings in the canyon, large or small, high or low, or polyethylene or casual, like paved ribbon winding, up and down in rapid. Just having a highly ornamental value like that, this earthen area won the "Earthen Wall" in the world.

Jiqing Building

No.5: Jiqinglou (Jiqing Building)

Type:Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Chuxi Tulou Cluster

Jiqinglou, or Jiqing Buidling, is the largest round tulou and also the oldest in this cluster, built in 1419 during the reign of Emperor Yongle of the Ming dynasty.

It consists of two concentric rings; the outer ring building is four storys tall, with 53 rooms on each level. The outer ring has 72 staircases that divide the whole building into 72 independent units for 72 households. The second ring is a one-story building. Compared with other earthen buildings, Jiqing Building is also special that only one gate is equipped in such a large earthen building, and there is no well in the building that people need fetch the water from the river next to the building. Walking around or seeing from a height is pretty pleasant way to appreciate this natural landscape painting.


No.6: Chengqilou (King of Tulou)

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Gaobei Tulou Cluster

Built in 1709, Chengqilou in Gaobei Tulou Cluster is known as “the King of Tulou”.

Chengqilou is a massive round tulou with four concentric rings surrounding an ancestral hall at the center, the outer ring is 62.6 meters in diameter and four storeys tall, 288 rooms, with 72 rooms on each level, circular corridor on 2nd to 4th floor, with four sets of staircases at cardinal points connecting ground to top floors. A large outward extending roof covers the main ring. The ground floor rooms are kitchens for family branches, the second level rooms are grain storage rooms, and the 3rd and 4th floor rooms are living quarters and bedrooms. The second ring of 80 rooms is two storeys high, with 40 rooms on each level, the third ring served as community library, one storey with 32 rooms; there are 370 rooms in all. The 4th ring is a circular covered corridor surrounding the ancestral hall. If you stayed for one night in each room, it would take you more than a year to go through all the rooms.


No.7: Zhenchenglou (Prince of Tulou)

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Hongkeng Tulou Cluster

Zhenchenglou, the Prince of Tulou, was inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage. Belonging to Hongkeng Tulou Cluster, it is located in Hongkeng Village, Hukeng Township of Yongdong County.

Zhenchenglou was built in 1912 by the descendants of a rich tobacco merchant. It is a double ring tulou, its outer ring is four storeys high, total 184 rooms, and the inner ring is two storeys with 32 rooms. The multi-ring concentric architectural structure is a mix of Chinese and Western architecture, making the building a gem of round earthen buildings.

Western influence is evident in the Greek style columns of the ancestral hall, and in the wrought iron railing of the second level corridor.


No.8: Zhenfulou (Princess of Tulou)

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Nanxi Tulou Cluster

Zhenfulou, known as the Princess of Tulou, belongs to Nanxi Tulou Cluster. It is Called Zhenchenglou’s “Sister Building”, just about 4 kilometers away. Zhenfulou has fantastic natural scenery. The mountain is behind it, and a river beside it.

Like Zhenchenglou, it is a mixture of Hakka and western architectural styles - the elaborate ancestral hall has granite columns, and the porch is tiled and enclosed by an iron grille gate. Part of the internal space was used for storing tobacco products and for offices. Nowadays, the Zhenfu Building is becoming a tulou museum for travelers to get more about Hakka History and Culture.

Zhongchuan Ancient Village

No.9: Zhongchuan Ancient Village

Type: Architectural Buildings

Location: Xiayang Town, Yongding County

Zhongchuan Ancient Village is close to Hakka House Spot. This ancient village has a population of two to three thousand, but about 3,000 overseas Chinese trace their ancestry to this village, which makes it one of the leading ancestral homes for Chinese for other countries.

Travelers comment on tripadvisor saying “Like its nearby surroundings, this one has no air pollution, no crows - only beautiful swallows and fat country chickens, and very friendly locals. One of the few nice places in China where hawkers will not hassle you to buy stuff or quote you sky high prices...”Getting this village, you’ll know more stories of third-degree scholars and “the Zhongchuan Cultural Phenomenon”.

Peitian Hakka Village

No.10: Nearby Peitian Hakka Village

Type: Architectural Buildings, Historic Sites

Location: Liancheng County

Peitian Hakka Village located in the rural village of Fujian Liancheng County, still holds the (national) most complete ancient residential buildings of Ming and Qing dynasties. Its exquisite architecture, craftsmanship and rich flavor of Hakka culture are the classic architecture of Hakka culture, which can comparable with Yongding Tulou Clusters.

Peitian Village, this area of only 13.4 square kilometers, about 300 households, a small village of only 1,000 people, known as "the first village houses in Fujian Province." Because Peitian ancestors left the village a huge legacy: Tin Pei holds 30 mansions, 21 shrines, 6 Colleges, a kilometer Streets, two arch across the street, four Taoist Temple, with a total area of 70,000 square meters. It makes an admiration for the outside world with its deep breadth of Multi-cultural heritage, well protected of the village buildings, and multiple treasures.

Guanzhai Mountain

No.11: Guanzhai Mountain

Type: Mountains, Nature/ Wildlife Areas

Location: Liancheng County

Located 0.6 miles to the eastern suburb of Liancheng County in Fujian Province, Guanzhai Mountain is renowned for its majestic, attractive scenic sight as well as the unique Danxia landscape. The mountain shape is like the crown of Xiezhi, a Chinese ancient strange beast, so the mountain name is called "Guanzhai". Its natural beauty won the "Fujian Top Ten Scenic" in 1986 & 1994, the State Council announced its national key scenic spots.

Covering an area of 47 square miles, Guanzhai Mountain scenic spot is a combination of mountains, lakes and rivers, caves and temples. Lingzhi Peak, shaped like a fungi, is the main peak, measuring 2,168 feet in height. Stand upon its flat topped summit, you will see a panoramic vista of villages amongst green field toward the west. If hiking from the front for hundred meters, you can see a strain branched century-old pine, called "Yingkesong" standing there, which is the most famous Guest-Greeting Pine on Guanzhai Mountain. In the south of Yingkesong, there is a six-meter column pavilion, where visitors can appreciate the Pine's grace carefully.

Recommended Fujian Tulou Tours

Top 3 Fujian Tulou tours chosen by most customers to explore Fujian Tulou in the best way. Check the detailed itinerary, or tailor your own trip now with us.

Yunshuiyao Village
3 Days Fujian Tulou & Hakka Culture Discovery Tour

Xiamen / Nanjing / Yongding / Xiamen

Taxia Village
4 Days Hakka Culture Tour from Xiamen

Xiamen / Nanjing / Yongding / Xiamen

4 Days Fujian Tulou Tour by High Speed Train

Nanjing / Yongding / Liancheng / Longyan

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