Beijing Train Stations - Three Main High Speed Railway Stations

Beijing, the great capital of China, mainly has five railway stations offering passenger transport, Beijing South Railway Station (the largest and uppermost high speed train station operating 383 G & C trains), Beijing West Railway Station (the second high speed train station running 191 G & D trains ), Beijing Railway Station (handling 48 D trains), Changping North Railway Station (departing 10 normal trains) and Beijing East Railway Station (freight train station with few subsidiary normal trains) are included.

Currently, the former three in downtown Beijing are frequently used for high speed train travels while the latter two are slow trains and specialized short-distance tourist trains. Check the detailed location, train routes and transportation of them to make sure you get a clear direction and wonderful high speed train trip, after visiting Great Wall, Forbidden City, Hutong in Beijing.

Beijing South Railway Stations Location Map of Beijing Train Stations
(Click to Enlarge)

Beijing South Railway Station (北京南站)

Location: No.12, Yongwai Avenue, Fengtai District, South Beijing (北京市丰台区永外大街12号)

Distance: about 40km (1hr’s driving) to Beijing Capital International Airport & 13km (35mins’ driving) to Nanyuan Airport

Beijing South Railway Station is the largest train station and a principal pivot departing and receiving the most trains in Beijing, which is located at 7km southwest of Temple of Heaven for 20 mins’ ride. Initially built in 1897, it went through 2 years’ reconstruction and expansion, and turned up again as a highly-modernized high speed train station with 13 platform and 24 rail tracks. Based on the link of Beijing Tianjin Intercity Railway and Beijing Shanghai High Speed Railway, it provides a well-developed transport network through the whole country.

The Layout, Facilities and Service

As one of the largest train stations in Asia and three main rail transport hubs in Beijing, Beijing South Railway Station was remold in to a 5-storyed oval-shaped architecture.

1F: Airport bus and local public bus passengers can enter the station building from the South Entrance & North Entrance after landing. Once entering, you need to take the elevator to the upper floor. It’s also the departure level for all high speed trains.

2F: This floor has four ticket offices in each corner, three big waiting halls (35,000 sq m) with two lines of Ticket Check Gates on both sides. There are small shops selling offices, clothes, souvenirs between the gates, resulting overcrowded space for checking sometimes. Charity voluntary service for the old, children, disabled, pregnant and VIP passengers can be found near the Gate 14, such as guiding, wheelchair carrying and emergency help. And you can also find phone charge, left-luggage service, business lounge, freight transportation and Runqiu Information Desk here.

*To avoid missing your train, please pay attention to the LED display screen that shows the train number, train departure time, platform, check status and etc.

B1: All high speed trains will arrive at this floor. You may exit from here to transfer to downtown or airport, or go central area via subway lines from lower basements, without getting out of the train station. Passengers planning to take subway need to buy tickets on this floor. If you get to South Station by subway, it’s very convenient that you can buy ticket or collect at this level. Besides, there are lots of snack restaurants, and some stores, cafés, bookstore, Automatic Ticket Machines here.

B2: This basement level is the platform area for Beijing Metro Line 4, a north-south line which can take you to downtown, like Xuanwumen, Xidan, Beijing University and the Old Summer Palace (Yuanmingyuan) and etc. Working hours of Metro Line 4 is 5:15am to 23:15pm every day.

B3: Here is the deepest storey and bottom of Beijing South Railway Station, and the station for Metro Line 14. The metro line is a southwest-northeast rail connecting with Chaoyang Park, Beijing 798 Art Zone…

Beijing South Railway Station Entrance in the North Square
Beijing South Railway Station Spacious Waithing Hall on 2nd Floor
Beijing South Railway Station G123 (Fuxing Train) Departing from Beijing South Railway Station to Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station

Get to Beijing South Railway Station - Location and Transportation

Beijing South Railway Station is located in south region, between 2nd and 3rd ring road, and integrates 2 subway lines - Metro Line 4 & 14. Served as the foremost high speed railway station in Beijing, it also can be easily reached via taxi, bus and airport express. Read the following traffic details to catch your upcoming train tour. Taxi or private car will get to the West or East Parking Lot (B1) first and then follow the signs to ticket office or waiting hall.

Get to Beijing South Railway Station from Airports

Beijing Capital International Airport (北京首都国际机场, IATA: PEK) is in northeast suburb area, next to east section of 6th Ring. Taking a taxi for about 1 hour is the most convenient way to Beijing South Railway Station from Capital Airport, which can save your time and lessen inconvenience of transfers. Besides, No.10 airport shuttle bus provides straightforward traffic between South Railway Station and Capital Airport.

Beijing Nanyuan Airport (北京南苑机场, IATA: NAY) is the oldest airport in China, and the second airport in Beijing serving for both military and civilian transport. It is in south side of Beijing, between 4th and 5th Ring Road, about 14km to South Railway Station and 13km to Tiananmen Square. The fastest and most efficient way is get to the South Station by taxi, costing around ¥40.0 for about half an hour.

Beijing South Railway Stations Beijing Airports to South Railway Station
(Click to Enlarge)

Details about Airport Bus to Beijing South Railway Station

Airport Bus Route Running Hours Duration Frequency Ticket Office & Price Where to Take
Beijing Capital Airport → Beijing South Railway Station 08:30am ~ 22:30pm 1~1.5 hrs departing interval within 30 mins ¥30.0
(Gate 7 at Terminal 1, Gate 11at Terminal 2 , Gate 7 & 9 at Terminal 3)
Terminal 1 & 2 & 3
Beijing South Railway Station → Beijing Capital Airport 06:30am~20:00pm ¥30.0
(Bus Platform A)
Bus Hub Platform A, North Square

Get to Beijing South Railway Station from Downtown

Palace Museum - South Railway Station: about 8km for 30 mins’ driving

Tianmen Square - South Railway Station: about 7km for 30 mins’ driving

Summer Palace - Beijing South Railway Station: about 25km for 45 mins’ driving

Shichahai - Beijing South Railway Station: about 15km for 30 mins’ dirving

Beijing South Railway Stations Downtwon Spots to South Railway Station
(Click to Enlarge)

Popular High Speed Train Routes

In China, Beijing takes the lead in most advanced and up-to-date high speed trains, such as the latest Fuxing train at 350km/h. Starting from Beijing South Railway Station, you only need approximately 4 hours’ super-fast high speed train travel to Shanghai, Hangzhou and other tourist cities on Beijing Shanghai High Speed Railway and eastern coastal areas.

Departure Station Destination Train Types Duration Frequency (per day) Check Details
Beijing South Railway Station Shanghai G/D Trains 4 hrs 18 mins ~ 12 hrs 7 mins 41 Beijing Shanghai High Speed Trains
Beijing South Railway Station Hangzhou G Trains 4 hrs 18 mins ~ 6 hrs 42 mins 15 -
Beijing South Railway Station Tianjin C/G Trains 31 mins ~ 54 mins over 150 -
Beijing South Railway Station Fuzhou G Trains 7 hrs 48 mins ~ 10 hrs 47 mins 7 Beijing Fuzhou High Speed Trains
Beijing South Railway Station Nanjing G/D Trains 3 hrs 13 mins ~ 5 hrs 2 mins 61 -
Beijing South Railway Station Qingdao G Trains 4 hrs 38 mins ~ 5 hrs 15 mins 15 -

Beijing West Railway Station

Name: Beijing West Railway Station (北京西站)

Location: No.118, East Lianhuachi Road, Fengtai District, Western Beijing
(北京市丰台区莲花池东路118号)

Distance: about 1h’s driving (40km) to Beijing Capital Airport, 40mins’ driving (20 km) to Beijing Nanyuan Airport; about 25mins’ ride (12km) to Palace Museum & 20mins’ ride (14km) to Beijing South Railway Station & 30mins’ ride (14km) to Beijing Railway Station

Beijing West Railway Station is one of the main train stations of Beijing, which both runs high speed trains and normal trains. Besides, it is the second the most important high speed train station of Beijing and the starting point of Beijing Guangzhou (High Speed) Railway and Beijing Kowloon (Hong Kong) Railway. If you want to take a Tibet train, you need to go to Beijing West Railway Station.

Every day, it delivers 273 daily trains to other cities, and 192 trains of them are high speed trains (G trains) to Xian, Chengdu, Chongqing, Taiyuan, Kunming, Lanzhou, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Changsha and couples of D trains to Shenzhen.

The Layout, Facilities and Service

With a total area of 510,000 sq m, Beijing West Railway Station has 10 platforms and 20 rail tracks. In front of the station, there is a South Square and North Square with entrances, ticket pick-up machines, small shops and fast food restaurants. Let’s see how you can enter, check ticket and board train smoothly and efficiently.

1F: The entrance in North Square for normal trains and south entrances are used for high speed trains. Ticket office is in the east side of north square. Both sides of South Square have ticket offices for convenience. You can use left-luggage service at east or right hand of entrance hall. Remember to show your ticket and passport to the train staff to verify your identity and pass through the security check with your luggage. The first step after getting in is checking the right waiting hall.

*Passengers who will take Beijing-Kowloon (Hong Kong) trains need to go through exit formalities at the Immigration Inspection Hall on the west.

2F: Passengers can also get in from north entrance on the 2nd floor. The left area ahead is some snack shops and teahouse. Then comes a shopping street with two lines of ticket check gates on both sides. The soft sleeper waiting room is at left hand and business lounge is at right. If you would like to buy some souvenirs, fruit and books, go to the shopping zone.

3F: This floor is mainly providing entertainments for passengers, like KFC, Macdonald’s, Starbuck Coffee and a cinema.

B1: The arrival level has four exits to get out, including two exits in the south and two more in the north. Passengers for bullet trains shall go the South Exit No.1 & 2, and for normal train (K, T, Z trains), you need to leave from North Exit No.1 & 2. Also you can buy/refund tickets at the ticket office on this floor. North Exit No.2 is near the entrance of Metro Line 9. Here is also the boarding area for bus, taxi and dining site with some local favor fast food restaurants.

*If you want to take subway (Metro Line 7 & 9), or arrive at the station by subway, the entrance and exit are both in the basement one.

B2: It is the platforms for subway lines, from where you can take Metro Line 7 & 9.

Beijing West Railway Station The Exterior of Beijing West Railway Station
Beijing West Railway Station Layout of Waithing Rooms and Shops
Beijing West Railway Station Subway Entrances of Metro Line 9 (B1)

Get to Beijing West Railway Station - Location and Transportation

Beijing West Railway Station is close to the middle section of west 3rd Ring Road. It is served by both Metro Line 7 and Line 9, plenty of bus routes and through airport bus to Beijing Capital International Airport. Please read the following ways to reach Beijing West Railway Station from different places.

Beijing Capital Airport to Beijing West Railway Station

By Airport Bus: No.7 Airport Bus shunts between the two places from 6:00 am to 1:00am. It leaves within every half an hour from South Square to Terminal 1, 2, 3 of airport.

By Taxi: at least 1 h’s driving for 40km

Note: If you will go to Beijing Railway Station from Nanyuan Airport, taking a taxi is the most recommended way, costing about 40mins for the 20kms’ course.

Downtown to Beijing West Railway Station

Tiananmen Square to Beijing West Railway Station: about 20mins’ride (18km)

Palace Museum to Beijing West Railway Station: about 25mins’ride (9km)

Beijing South Railway Station to West Station: about 25mins’ driving (11km)

Popular High Speed Train Routes

Beijing Airport Bus Taking Airport Bus to Beijing West Railway Station
Departure Station Destination Train Types Duration Frequency (per day) Check Details
Beijing West Railway Station Xian G Trains 4 hrs 20 mins ~ 6 hrs 2 mins 17 Beijing Xian High Speed Trains
Beijing West Railway Station Chengdu G Trains 7 hrs 48 mins ~ 10 hrs 4 mins 3 -
Beijing West Railway Station Chongqing G Trains 11 hrs 34 mins ~ 12 hrs 11 mins 2 -
Beijing West Railway Station Lanzhou G Trains 8 hrs 21 mins ~ 9 hrs 11 mins 2 -
Beijing West Railway Station Guangzhou G/D Trains 8 hrs 1 min ~ 10 hrs 05 mins 5 Beijing Guangzhou High Speed Trains
Beijing West Railway Station Shenzhen G Trains 8 hrs 45 mins ~ 10 hrs 36 mins 2 -
Beijing West Railway Station Lhasa (Tibet) Z Trains (Normal Trains) 40 hrs 20 mins 1 -

Beijing Railway Station (北京火车站/北京站)

Location: No.13, Maojiawan Hutong Jia, Dongcheng District, Southeast Beijing (北京市东城区毛家湾胡同甲13号)

Distance: about 1 hr’s driving (35km) to northeast Beijing Capital International Airport; about 45mins’ driving (22km) to southwest Nanyuan Airport; about 20mins’ driving (5km) to the Palace Museum & 15mins (4.5km) to Tiananmen Square

During the long time usage and renaming in history, Beijing Railway Station started its serving in Qing Daynasty, around 1901 AD. As one of the three main train stations of Beijing, Beijing Railway Station departs about 159 trains to Northern China, most of which are normal trains (Z, T, K trains) on Beijing Shanghai Railway, Beijing Harbin Railway and Beijing Chengde Railway. Meanwhile, it runs 48 daily bullet trains to cities in Northeastern China Harbin, such as Dalian, Shenyang, Qiqihar, Shenyang and Tangshan.

Beijing Railway Station The Facade of Beijing Railway Station

The Layout, Facilities and Service

Beijing Railway Station covers an area of 250,000 sq m with 8 platforms and 16 tracks. If you are going to take a train to Northeast China from Beijing, check the rough guide to prepare your train travel from here.

1F: Ticket Office with counters is on the left hand (west side), and there is separate building for automatic ticket pick-up (only available for Chinese ID holders) on both sides. The entrances are in the central and exits are in the right (east) hand. KFC, bank ATMs and some specialty shops are opened in external areas. Once get inside, you can find a huge LED screen showing train information in the hall, then you need to get the elevator to the second floor. You can find a VIP Lounge (west side), some ticket check gates and store on the entrance hall.

2F: It is the main waiting hall and most location of ticket check gates. You should check you train wait in the right boarding gate as noted on your ticket. Also, you will have KFC, Macdonald’s and some snack restaurants, café, stores and a charged restroom (east side) at the second level.

*Red-cap Porter Service of Beijing Railway Station is on the east area nearby the exit.

Beijing Railway Station High Speed Train Routes of Beijing Railway Station

Get to Beijing Railway Station - Location and Transportation

Beijing Railway Station is in the east 2nd Ring Road, connected by 3 subway lines. Therefore, you can exit or take subway at Beijing Railway Station on Metro Line 2, Chongwenmen Station on Metro Line 5 and Jianguomen Station on Metro Line 1.

In addition, there are shuttle buses running between Beijing Railway Station and Beijing West Railway Station, airport express with Beijing Capital Airport and Beijing Nanyuan Airport.

Beijing Railway Station - Beijing Capital Airport: No.3 Airport Bus (5:00am to 21:00pm)

This express runs between Beijing Railway Station East Road and Terminal 1, 2, 3 of Capital Airport, within every 30 minutes.

Beijing Railway Station - Tiananmen Square: about 15 mins’ driving for 4km

Beijing Railway Station - Temple of Heaven: about 15 mins’ driving for 3.5km

Beijing Railway Station Taking Taxi is Convenient to Arrive at Beijing Railway Station

Beijing East & Changping North Railway Station

Beijing East Railway Station (北京东站)

Location: No. 27, Baiziwan Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing

Located next to the East 4th Ring Road, Beijing East Railway Station mainly serves for freight transportation and little passenger service. The station handles daily short-distance trains between Yanjiao Twon and Beijing, Chengde and Handan, Beijing and Tongzhou.

Changping North Railway Station (昌平北站)

Location: North Ring Road, Changping District, North Suburb of Beijing
(北京市昌平区北环路)

Beijing North Railway Station is closed for the construction of Beijing Zhangjiakou Inter-city Railway, an essential transport project for the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in Beijing and Zhangjiakou. Thus, all the trains of Beijing North Railway Station were moved to Changping Railway Station temporarily. The Changping station is a small train station built in 1976, now departing 10 normal trains to suburb and surrounding area.

Beijing East Railway Station K Train Runings between Beijing East Railway Station and Yanjiao

High Speed Train Tips

How to Choose a Best Railway Station

Among all the five train stations in Beijing, Beijing South Railway Station, Beijing West Railway Station and Beijing Railway Station are the major stations used for high speed trains. Because those stations are located on different rail lines, you should figure out your destinations and check train tickets carefully to make sure you board train at the right departure station. The Beijing West Railway Station mainly handles trains from Beijing to Xian, Chengdu, Taiyuan, Pingyao Ancient City, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, etc. If you want to visit Tianjin, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Harbin, Huangshan and other destinations, you should get to Beijing South Railway Station.

How to Book, Alter and Cancel a Ticket

There are many ways to book a train ticket, including booking online, booking with a travel agency, booking at the ticket offices in China’s Railway Stations, etc. For foreign travelers, you are suggested to book with travel agency so you won’t meet with the language barrier. A ticket can be altered at appointed counters in railway station to an earlier or later train. It is also available to cancel your ticket before the scheduled departure time. However, you might be charged with service fee. Check details>

How to Collect a Ticket

You need to good the Collecting Window of the railway station or the ticket agency to collect your ticket. If you want to collect your ticket in the departure day, we suggest you get to the rail way station 2-3 hours early. ItHow to Read a Ticket is best to collect your tickets as early as possible during the peak seasons (like in Spring Festival, Chinese National Day). Check details>

How to Read a Ticket

From the train tickets, travelers could see the departure time, departure and arrival train stations, train number, carriage number, seat class/number, passport number & passenger’s name, boarding gate, prices etc. Please pay specially attention to the departure How to Board & Disembark a Trainstation and make sure which one you should go. Check details>

How to Board & Disembark a Train

Before boarding a right train, you have several steps to follow: 1) Prepare your documents well (passport, visa); 2) Get to the right train station in advance; 3) Collect train tickets; 4) Read your train ticket carefully; 5) Show your passport and ticket to pass the identity check; 6) Go through security check & luggage check; 7) Find the right waiting room; 8) Cross the ticket checking gate; 9) Get to the right platform; 10) Get on your train. After you get off your train, your ticket will be checked again to leave the station. Check details>>

Baggage Allowance and Storage

For a train travel, each passenger is permitted to take baggage in certain weight and volume. Besides, some items are prohibited to be carried to the railway stations and the trains, like weapons, knives, live animals, etc. Once onboard, there are many places you an arrange your luggage. Check details>>

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