Turpan Weather & Seasons - Best Time to Visit Turpan


Turpan is in Xinjiang, the province that is the farthest away from the ocean. It has a typical warm temperate continental arid desert climate with abundant sunshine, few rainfall, frequent gales and is extremely dry.

Turpan is known as "Huozhou" (very hot place) in China. The annual sunshine hour here reaches about 3000-3200 hours, about 1000 hours more than the cities in eastern China at the same latitude. The annual solar radiation is 139.5-150.4 kcal / cm², 15-20 kcal / cm² more than those in North China and Northeast China at the same latitude, second only to the Qinghai Tibet Plateau. The annual average temperature is 13.9 ℃, and there are more than 100 days whose temperature is higher than 35 ℃. The extreme high temperature in summer is 49.6 ℃, which usually falls in July or August; the surface temperature is usually over 70 ℃. The extreme minimum temperature in winter is - 28.7 ℃ and January is the coldest month. It has a large daily temperature difference and annual temperature difference. Due to the hot and dry climate, the annual average precipitation is only 16.4 mm, while the evaporation is as high as 3000 mm.

Best Time to Visit Turpan

Tourists are welcomed in Turpan in any season. But the most recommended visiting time is from May to October, among which July and August are the most popular. There are many historical and cultural attractions in Turpan that you can visit all year round. What's special about summer is the juicy and sweet fruits. They are worth a go in spite of the summer heat.

Tips on Turpan (Xinjiang) Weather

Temperature Difference: The temperature difference between morning and night is more than ten degrees centigrade. In different regions, the temperature also varies greatly. It is suggested that you prepare seasonal clothes accordingly for the temperature changes.

Strong UV: As the UV is strong and sunshine hours are long, you may need to bring enough sunblock items like sunscreen, sunhat, sunglasses, etc.

Dryness: It seldom rains in Turpan, so the air is very dry with a low air humidity. You can bring moisturizing cream, lip balm, moisturizing mask, etc.

Average Turpan Temperature by Month

MonthRecommended RateMax Temp.Min Temp.

Turpan Seasons to Go

Turpan Weather in Spring (March, April, May)

Temperature: 1°C ~ 40°C, windy, gradually getting hot

Turpan in early March is still a little cold. But in April and May, it gradually gets hot and feels like it's already summer. What needs to be paid extra attention is that there are more windy days in spring than in other seasons, especially in April, which means it is likely to encounter windstorms.

Seasonal Activities:
1) Appreciate a large area of apricot blossoms in Toksun from late March to April.
2) Follow the trace of history to the oldest and best-preserved city ruins - Jiaohe Ancient City.
3) When it gets hotter in May, you can pay a visit to the Karez System and feel the coolness inside.

What to Wear & Pack:
Turpan in spring has a sharp temperature difference. It is cool or even hot in the daytime while cold at night. So both spring coat and summer shirt are needed.

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Turpan Weather

Spring Apricot & Jiaohe Ancient City

Turpan Weather in March

  • Max Temperature: 28°C / 82.4°F
  • Min Temperature: 1°C / 33.8°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 1 day
  • UV Index: 4
  • Sunrise: 7:46am-8:38am
  • Sunset: 7:52pm-8:28pm

Turpan Weather in April

  • Max Temperature: 37°C / 98.6°F
  • Min Temperature: 9°C / 48.2°F
  • Rainfall: 0 mm
  • Rainy Days: 0 day
  • UV Index: 6
  • Sunrise: 6:58am-7:44am
  • Sunset: 8:29pm-9:02pm

Turpan Weather in May

  • Max Temperature: 40°C / 104°F
  • Min Temperature: 16°C / 60.8°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 1 day
  • UV Index: 8
  • Sunrise: 6:27am-6:56am
  • Sunset: 9:03pm-9:34pm

Turpan Weather in Summer (June, July, August)

Temperature: 21°C ~ 44°C, hot

Turpan in summer is very hot. It is probably the hottest place in China. However, it is also the most popular season to travel there. Out of curiosity, some people want to find out how hot it can be! What's more important, it is the best time to enjoy the delicious grapes, which is another namecard of Turpan. If you travel Turpan in summer, try to arrange outdoor attractions in the early morning or late afternoon because you won't want to be exposed to the strong sunlight in the open area with no shade at a temperature of over 40°C. But at night, it is much cooler with a temperature of about 25°C.

Seasonal Activities:
1) Summer is the ripe season of all kinds of fruits. Have a taste of the succulent and renowned Turpan grapes.
2) Take a closer look at the ingenious Karez System and wash the torridity away with the cool water.
3) Escape the summer heat and learn more about the mysterious history of Turpan in Turpan Museum.

What to Wear & Pack:
Regular breathable summer outfit such as T-shirt, blouse, skirt, and sneakers. Sunscreen cream, sunhat, and sunglasses are very important and necessary.

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Turpan Weather

Grape Garden & Turpan Museum

Turpan Weather in June

  • Max Temperature: 43°C / 109.4°F
  • Min Temperature: 21°C / 69.8°F
  • Rainfall: 4 mm
  • Rainy Days: 2 days
  • UV Index: 9
  • Sunrise: 6:23am-6:27am
  • Sunset: 9:35pm-9:46pm
  • Turpan Weather in July

  • Max Temperature: 44°C / 111.2°F
  • Min Temperature: 23°C / 73.4°F
  • Rainfall: 3 mm
  • Rainy Days: 3 days
  • UV Index: 9
  • Sunrise: 6:28am-6:53am
  • Sunset: 9:25pm-9:46pm
  • Turpan Weather in August

  • Max Temperature: 43°C / 109.4°F
  • Min Temperature: 22°C / 71.6°F
  • Rainfall: 3 mm
  • Rainy Days: 3 days
  • UV Index: 8
  • Sunrise: 6:54am-7:26am
  • Sunset: 8:40pm-9:24pm
  • Turpan Weather in Autumn (Sept, Oct, Nov)

    Temperature: -6°C ~ 39°C, chilly day with fine weather

    Turpan in September is still hot and it starts to get cold in October. When it comes to November, it is as cold as winter and the temperature can be below 0°C. There is still not much rainfall, which makes it more convenient for outdoors activities.

    Seasonal Activities:
    1) Visit must-go attractions for a Turpan trip such as Jiaohe Ancient City, Karez System, Flaming Mountain, etc.
    2) If you come to Turpan in early September, it is still available to taste the juicy grapes.
    3) Appreciate the beautifu scenery of Ayding Lake - the lowest part in the world inland, with an altitude of -154m.

    What to Wear & Pack:
    September is still a little hot and you can wear summer clothes. It is recommended to wear long-sleeved shirts, long skirts, thin sweaters, windbreakers, and jackets in October. If you are going to visit Turpan in November, you should prepare winter outfits.

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    Turpan Weather

    Ayding Lake & Karez System

    Turpan Weather in September

  • Max Temperature: 39°C / 102.2°F
  • Min Temperature: 13°C / 55.4°F
  • Rainfall: 2 mm
  • Rainy Days: 2 days
  • UV Index: 6
  • Sunrise: 7:27am-7:59am
  • Sunset: 7:46pm-8:38pm
  • Turpan Weather in October

  • Max Temperature: 26°C / 78.8°F
  • Min Temperature: 5°C / 41°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 1 day
  • UV Index: 3
  • Sunrise: 8:00am-8:36am
  • Sunset: 6:57pm-7:45pm
  • Turpan Weather in November

  • Max Temperature: 16°C / 60.8°F
  • Min Temperature: -6°C / 21.2°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 1 day
  • UV Index: 2
  • Sunrise: 8:37am-9:13am
  • Sunset: 6:30pm-6:55pm
  • Turpan Weather in Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)

    Temperature: -13°C ~ 17°C, very cold and dry

    Turpan in winter is extremely cold, especially in December and January. There is little rainfall and it has a large temperature difference. So even in February when the temperature in the daytime climbs up a little, it is still cold at night. You may meet some snow days in winter. Besides, it’s the off-season of traveling Turpan, there will be much fewer tourists in the attractions.

    Seasonal Activities:
    1) Visit regular historical and cultural sites such as Jiaohe Ancient City, Karez System, Bezeklik Caves, etc.
    2) Appreciate the magnificent Flaming Mountain Grand Canyon.
    3) Take a hike in the Kumtage Desert.

    What to Wear & Pack:
    Winter coats, gloves, scarfs, leather jackets, down coats, woolen hats, sweaters, thermal clothes, etc. You can take some facial cream and hand cream to protect your skin from the dry weather.

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    Turpan Weather

    Flaming Mountain & Kumtage Desert

    Turpan Weather in December

  • Max Temperature: 3°C / 37.4°F
  • Min Temperature: -12°C / 10.4°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 1 day
  • UV Index: 1
  • Sunrise: 9:14am-9:34am
  • Sunset: 6:30pm-6:38pm
  • Turpan Weather in January

  • Max Temperature: 6°C / 42.8°F
  • Min Temperature: -13°C / 8.6°F
  • Rainfall: 1 mm
  • Rainy Days: 2 days
  • UV Index: 1
  • Sunrise: 9:18am-9:34am
  • Sunset: 6:39pm-7:14pm
  • Turpan Weather in February

  • Max Temperature: 17°C / 62.6°F
  • Min Temperature: -3°C / 7.3°F
  • Rainfall: 0 mm
  • Rainy Days: 0 day
  • UV Index: 2
  • Sunrise: 8:40am-9:17am
  • Sunset: 7:15pm-7:51pm
  • How to Plan A Turpan Tour

    How to Get to Turpan: There are high speed trains to Turpan from Xian (about 12.5h), Lanzhou (about 9.5h), Xining (about 8h), Zhangye (about 6.5h), Jiayuguan (about 5h), Dunhuang (about 3.5h), etc. and flights from Urumqi (1h), Beijing (5.5h), Lanzhou (2.5h), Changsha (4.5h), Korla (1h), Burqin (1h15min), etc. Many travelers also travel to Urumqi by flight first and then transfer to Turpan.

    Best Time to Visit Turpan: May to October is the best time to visit Turpan. It is cold in late autumn and winter (November ~ next February) and rather windy in early and mid-spring (March and April). The temperature is high in summer, but you will get a lot of sweet fruits.

    Generally, a classic Turpan tour takes 2 ~ 3 days. If your time is limited, you can focus on the essence of Turpan City. We suggest you spend 1 day touring the highlights of Turpan City, such as Karez System - a magic project bringing out underground water to this barren land, Turpan Museum where lots of historical exhibits including mummies are collected and Jiaohe Ancient City - the world's largest and oldest city ruins, and another day exploring its attractive surroundings, including Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Cave with exquisite murals & profound Buddhist culture, Flaming Mountain Grand Canyon with breathtaking landform, and peaceful Mazar Village (in Tuyuk Valley) where people still live traditionally. If you have one more day, don't miss Kumtag Desert, a beautiful desert offering amazing desert landscape and many interesting activities (like jeep safari, desert hiking, desert surfing, etc.).

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    Of course, it's far from enough if you just visit Turpan. Travelers always travel Turpan with Urumqi - the tourist center in northern Xinjiang together. It needs about 1~2 days to visit landmarks of Urumqi City, like Xinjiang Regional Museum, Red Hill Park and Erdaoqiao Grand Bazzar. Heavenly Lake, only 70 km away from Urumqi downtown is a must. If you are interested in Muslim culture and Silk Road culture, don't hesitate to go to Kashgar, one of Xinjiang's golden triangle tourist cities together with Turpan and Urumqi. In Kashgar, there is time-honored Kashgar Old City, yellow-tiled Id Kah Mosque, busy Grand Sunday Bazaar, etc.

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    If your time allows, traveling along China's Silk Road is strongly recommended. You can trace the footprints of ancient travelers from Xian - China's old capital city of 13 dynasties, to Qinghai (Xining, Qinghai Lake), Gansu (Zhangye, Jiayuguan, Dunhuang) and Xinjiang (Urumqi, Turpan, Kashgar). An in-depth Silk Road tour can be 2 weeks long, but you can spend a shorter time admiring the essence at your own pace.

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    Top 3 Turpan tours chosen by most customers to explore Turpan in the best way. Check the detailed itinerary,or tailor your own trip now with us.

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