Things to Do in Luoyang

Come visit the ancient capital and feel the charm of Luoyang!

We have a broad selection of things to do in Luoyang for you to browse through and learn about all the most popular activities. It’s easy to find all the must-see Luoyang sights like by looking though our list of all the most popular Luoyang attractions. You won’t miss Longmen Grottoes and White Horse Temple in Luoyang and Shaolin Kungfu experience in Dengfeng. And the annual Luoyang International Peony Festival will sure attract you to come in spring.

Luoyang Attractions Map

Fengxian Temple

No.1: Fengxian Temple

Location: Caves on the West Hill

Fengxian Temple (Ancestor Worshiping Cave) is the largest of all caves carves on the west hill built between 672 and 675 for Empress Wu Zetian. This cave has the largest Buddha statue at the Longmen Grottoes and is claimed to be the ultimate in architectural perfection of the Tang Dynasty. Of the nine huge carved statues, the highly impressive image of Vairocana Buddha is sculpted on the back wall of Fengxian. It is said that Wu Zetian donated "twenty-thousand strings of her rouge and powder money" to complete this edifice. Hence, it is conjectured that the Vairocana Buddha was carved to resemble the Empress herself and termed a "Chinese Mona Lisa, Venus or as the Mother of China".

Three Binyang Caves

No.2: Three Binyang Caves

Location: Caves on the West Hill

The Binyang has three caves, carved by the Northern Wei in the Datong Style. The 11 statues of the Buddha show northern characteristics (long features, thin faces, fishtail robes) and traces of Greek influence. Among the three caves, the Middle Binyang Cave is the most prominent one. It was built by Emperor Xuanwun to commemorate his father Xiaowen, and also his mother. It is said that 800,000 workers created it over the period from 500 to 523. In the main hall of this cave, five very large Buddhist statues are carved all in Northern Wei Style. The Buddhas, arranged in three groups in the cave, are representative of Buddhas of the past, the present and the future.

Wan Fo Dong

No.3: Wan Fo Dong

Location: Caves on the West Hill

Wan Fo Dong (Cave of Ten Thousand Buddhas) was built in 680 by Gao Zong and his empress Wu Zetian. The cave got its name due to the 15,000 small sitting Buddhas engraved on its south and north walls. It houses a combination of one Buddha, two disciples, two bodhisattvas, two heavenly kings, two warriors and two lions. Wan Fo Dong is a product of ancient craftsmen’s combination of rich imagination and real life, which fully embodies the prosperity and high achievements in culture and art of the Tang Dynasty.

Guyang Dong

No.4: Guyang Dong

Location: Caves on the West Hill

Guyangdong is regarded as the oldest Longmen Cave with carvings in the northern Wei style. The work of Emperor Xiaowen, it attracted carvings sponsored by many of his nobles and officials and religious dignitaries, who approved of his reforming policies. On the main wall there are three over-life-sized statues erected by the emperor. In the center is the Buddhist patriarch Sakyamuni, flanked by two bodhisattvas.

Medical Prescription Cave

No.5: Medical Prescription Cave

Location: Caves on the West Hill

Medical Prescription Cave or Yaofang cave got its name due to the 140 medical prescriptions of Tang Dynasty engraved on both sides of the entrance. Among these prescriptions, 65 can be recognized clearly, 42 partly damaged and 33 seriously damaged. They are said to treat 40 diseases covering internal medicine, surgery, neurology, gynecology, pediatrics and five sense organs. In this cave, visitors could learn from these engraved prescriptions that ancient China had achieved a high level in medical science. Some prescriptions are still used today.

Xiangshan Temple

No.6: Xiangshan Temple

Location: East Hill

Xiangshan Temple is ranked the first among the ten temples at Longmen. The present Xiangshan Temple was reconstructed in about 1707, during the Qing Dynasty. In 2002, the temple was expended by adding the Belfry, the Drum Tower, the Wing Room and the Hall of Mahavira and Hall of Nine Persons.

As you step inside the temple gate, you are overwhelmed with a sense of quietness and seclusion. The ancient red walls and green tiles along the slopes; the zigzagging lanes of hoary gray; the melancholy tones of mountain birds heard but seen conjure up thoughts of remote antiquity and you are totally lost to the present.

Baiyuan Garden

No.7: Baiyuan Garden

Location: East Hill

The Baiyuan Garden is located at the east hill of Longmen, opposite slightly to one side of Longmen Grottoes across the Yihe River. On the peak called Pipa in this garden is the tomb of Bai Juyi, an outstanding poet of the Tang Dynasty. The tomb of Bai Juyi is a round mound of earth, 4 meters high, with a circumference of 52 meters. In front of the tomb stands a tombstone of 2.80 meters high, which reads, “The Tomb of Bai Juyi”.

Other scenic spot visitors could visit are Qinggu, Tingyi Pavillion, Letian Hall, Bai Pavillion, Bird’s Head Gate Daoshi Reading Room, etc.

Recommended Luoyang Tours

Top 3 Luoyang tours chosen by most customers to explore Luoyang in the best way. Check the detailed itinerary, or tailor your own trip now with us.

Dengfeng Shaolin Temple
3 Days Luoyang Kung Fu Tour

Luoyang / Dengfeng / Luoyang

luoyang Longmen Grottoes
5 Days Luoyang Xian Tour by Train

Luoyang / Dengfeng / Luoyang / Xian

Tiananmen Square
6 Days Beijing Luoyang Highlights Tour by Train

Beijing / Luoyang / Dengfeng / Luoyang

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