Overview & History of South Putuo Temple

South Putuo Temple is a Buddhist resort in southern Fujian. Located at the foot of Wulao Peak in the southeast of Xiamen City in Fujian, it seats next to Xiamen University with azure sea in hundreds meters reach. The temple covers an area of 258,000m2, with building area of 21,270m2. The Temple was first built in Tang Dynasty (618 ~ 907), and it was called Sizhou Temple at that time. Sizhou Temple was abolished in Yuan Dynasty (1271 ~1368) and rebuilt in Ming Dynasty (1368 ~ 1644) at the present site, and it was renamed as Puzhao Temple. The temple is mainly worshiping Kwan-yin (the goddess of mercy), just like the Kwan-yin sanctum in Putuo Mountain in Zhejiang Province; besides, it is located at the south of Putuo Mountain, thus, the temple now is called as South Putuo Temple.

South Putuo Temple is a prosperous temple, and many tourists come here to pray for health and wealth. Besides that, tourists can also taste the delicious vegetarian food in the temple, and if you more time, climbing the Wulao Peak behind the temple is a great experience.

Layout & Architectures

South Putuo Temple is facing the azure sea in the south with a serene mountain in its back. The main architectures in the central axis are Tianwang Hall, Daxiong, Dabei Hall and Depository of Buddhist Sutras. There is a square in front of Tianwang Hall, and a 30m quadrate Free Life Pond and a bigger lotus pool.

Tianwang Hall situates at the forefront of the central axis and worships Maitreya Buddha. The entrance door of the temple is just in the front of Tianwang Hall. Entering the hall, you'll see Four Devarajas with fierce stares on the two sides of the hall, with the smiling Maitreya Buddha in the center.

Daxiong Hall is the center of the temple, splendid and magnificent. Built in 1926, Daxiong Hall is a wooden architecture with green titles on the roof and stone pillars as support, and the beam is carved and the pillar is painted, which represents the traditional architecture skill in Southern Fujian. Monks will do morning and even lessons in here. Dharma assembly, worship and other Buddhism activities will also be held in Daxiong Hall.

Dabei Hall is another main shrine in the temple. Worshiping Thousand-Hand Kwan-yin, it's built in Qing Dynasty. It's situated on the high platform behind Daxiong Hall, with nearly 30 stone stairs between them. The main hall of Dabei hall is an octagon shape, and the structure is very delicate and tight, like a spider web. People in Southern Fujian believes in Kwan-yin, thus Dabei Hall is very prosperous and many locals come here to burn incense.

Depository of Buddhist Sutras is the highest building among the architectures in central axis. Built in 1936, it's a two-floor building. The first floor is dhammasala, a place used to speak Dharma, and the second place is used to store Buddhist texts and other cultural relics. Lotus Sutra written in blood from Ming Dynasty, White Porcelain Kwan-yin Statue created by He Chaozong, a famous sculptor in Ming Dynasty, 28 Burmese jade Buddhas and other Buddhist scriptures and cultural relics are all stored in here.

Tianwang Hall Tianwang Hall
Depository of Buddhist Sutras Depository of Buddhist Sutras
Lotus Pool Lotus Pool

Activities in South Putuo Temple

In Chinese lunar calendar, every February 19th, June 19th and September 19th will celebrate the enlightenment of Kwan-yin. At these time, South Putuo Temple will hold grand Buddhist activities, and many believers will light incense and kowtow to the Kwan-yin statues in the temple to pray for health and wealth. Tourists can taste the famous vegetarian food in the temple.

Besides that, there are five large-scale Dharma Assemblies every year.
Sanqianfo Dharma Assembly: January 16th ~ January 18th in Chinese lunar calendar
Buddha Showering Grand Dharma Assembly: April 8th in Chinese lunar calendar
Yulanpen Grand Dharma Assembly: July 15th in Chinese lunar calendar
Shuilu Dharma Assembly: October 15th ~ October 21st in Chinese lunar calendar
Wanfo Grand Assembly: December 8th ~ December 17th in Chinese lunar calendar

Dharma Assembly Dharma Assembly

Vegetarian Food in the Temple

The vegetarian cuisine is famous because of South Putuo Temple, and it attracts more tourists to the temple in return. The food here is reputed as the most authentic vegetarian food in Fujian Province. With a history over 100 years, the original vegetarian food was provided for believers after they worship the Buddha. As Xiamen's opening to public, more and more people visit the temple and taste the vegetarian food here. Rice, flour, bean product, vegetables, mushroom, black fungus, etc. are most used ingredients.

The vegetarian cuisine is famous because of South Putuo Temple, and it attracts more tourists to the temple in return. The food here is reputed as the most authentic vegetarian food in Fujian Province. With a history over 100 years, the original vegetarian food was provided for believers after they worship the Buddha. As Xiamen's opening to public, more and more people visit the temple and taste the vegetarian food here. Rice, flour, bean product, vegetables, mushroom, black fungus, etc. are most used ingredients.

Vegetarian Food Vegetarian Food

Tips

1. Transportation

South Putuo Temple is located Siming District in Xiamen, and is about 11km from Xiamen Gaoqi international Airport. Travelers can get to the temple by bus No.1, 15, 21, 45, 841 and 959 and get off at Xiamen University Stop, then walk about 200m to the temple.

Distance to other attractions in Xiamen

Gulangyu Island: 2.4km
Xiamen University: 200m

2. Weather

Xiamen's weather is very suitable for tourism. No severe cold winter nor extremely hot summer. Lowest temperature is about 9℃, while highest temperature is about 33℃. However, typhoons may hit Xiamen in August, and the flight may cancel due to this reason. South Putuo Temple is situated at the sea side, so it's better to avoid the typhoon season.

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