Found in 1929, Sanxingdui site is the only one archaeological discovery of ancient state with largest area of 12 square kilometers, longest duration and richest culture in southwest China. The finding of this site shows that the brilliant Sanxingdui Civilization is both one of the greatest archaeological discoveries in 20th century and the “Origin of Yangtze Civilization”. Also, this significant finding confirms the existence of ancient Shu Kingdom (Sichuan) and pushes the history of Sichuan region back for over 2000 years. For tens of years, a plentiful of historical relics was excavated here, such as, pottery, jade, bronze, gold, stone, ivory, seashells, etc. which
A wonderful myth tells that there were three handfuls of clays scattered by the Jade Emperor (the Supreme Deity of Taoism) on the bank of Qian River in Guanghan, and then became three big mounds on the plain, which seemed like three stars on one straight line, so it is called Sanxingdui (Three-star Piles) from then.
Since 1993, Sanxingdui Museum has been holding exhibitions around the world. People in Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, US, UK, Switzerland, and so on are all amazed by these treasures of mankind.
Two exhibition halls of vast scale are designed in Sanxingdui Museum to show the culture and historical process of Sanxingdui Civilization and give visitors the exciting experience of traveling back to ancient state. Moreover, classical buildings nearby, grass lawn, lakes, rockeries and recreational facilities make Sanxingdui Museum a charming place of garden and history.
Six sections are divided to exhibit the precious wares of gold, bronze, jade, stone, pottery, ivory, seashells, etc. excavated from Sanxingdui site to introduce the notable success in each domain, the history outline, and the vital status of ancient Shu. Several outstanding relics are introduced as following:
This is the oldest gold stick worldwide dating back to 4000 BC to 3600 BC, symbolizing the kingship that is similar to that in ancient Egyptian Civilization. Collected in Sanxingdui Museum, this valuable gold ware is 142 cm long and 2.3 cm in diameter. You can appreciate its fine patterns of human head on one end and a pair of birds with two fishes below. So people guess the patterns on this gold stick symbols Yu Fu (literally fish bird), and it may confirm the existence of Yu Fu who is the legendary king of ancient Shu Kingdom.
Among all the unearthed bronze wares unearthed from Sanxingdui site, an eye-catching relic is the Holy Bronze Tree of 396 cm high that is the biggest bronze tree found so far in China. The tree is growing in the middle on the base carved with patterns of sun and clouds, and there are 9 holy birds as well as 27 fruits on its 9 branches. Embraced with a bronze dragon down, the whole tree is so sacred and expresses the admiration of ancient people to sun and the deity of sun. Besides, this Holy Bronze Tree uncovers the religious values of man being an integral part of nature, and the mutual communication between man and deity, therefore, it is the finale of romantic charm in Exhibition One.
This cooking vessel of 44 cm high is found in 1986 from Sanxingdui site. You can see this model is so similar to the present vessel for hotpot in Sichuan, so people guess that it is the original form of Sichuan hotpot and the ancestors have enjoyed it using such cookware long ago.
38.2 cm long, this outstanding jade ware in Sanxingdui Museum presents the shape of a fish. In the open “fish mouth”, there is a delicate carving of a bird, meaning a legend of the King Yu Fu in ancient Shu.
Sanxingdui site is the significant representative of civilization of bronze from 16th century BC to 14th century BC. Abundant collections of bronze wares are displayed here in Exhibition Hall Two in Sanxingdui Museum, like the bronze wares shaped like the sun, snakes, alters, a group of little figures doing sacrifice, and some verisimilar figures like the images in the famous movie “Avatar”, so you can admire their elegance and the rich culture of Chinese bronze wares while strolling in the hall.
This is one of the “not to be missed” relics in Sanxingdui Museum for its shining gold mask adhered to on the face. With big eyes, wide mouth and long ears, this figure looks so cool like a leader. However, experts still wonder the function of the gold mask at that period. Since the figure looks much more honorable than other excavated relics, is it the symbol of royalty? Or did it represent different complexion?
64.5 cm high, this is the biggest bronze mask with protruding eyes in the world. With a mysterious smile, exaggerated facial expression, eyeballs protruding 16.5 cm out from the eye sockets, this mask looks like the legendary image of Qianliyan (clairvoyance).
262 cm tall and weighing 180 kg, this is the biggest and most complete bronze figure over the world and is praised as the “King of Bronze Figure World” and the “Oriental Giant”. Standing in front of him, you may think he is doing ballroom dancing for his posture of arms and tuxedo like costume.
Although multiple historical relics were unearthed from Sanxingdui site, there are still several unsolved mysteries about Sanxingdui civilization. Time for Thinking:
All the bronze figures have long nose, deep eyes, wide mouth, and big ears with hole, not like ancient Chinese but people from other continents. Are they local Chinese, hybrids with foreign people, or even aliens from other planets?
A lot of excavated ivories, too big than the Chinese ones, are proved to be the Asian ivories abundant in India and Bangladesh, and the unearthed seashells have never been found in other contemporary civilizations in China. Where did these peculiar objects come from? And how did they solve the inaccessibility if they have developed trade with other people?
The unearthed bronze statues and gold stick are very similar to those of Mayan Civilization and ancient Egyptian Civilization. Is there any connection between these mysterious cultures? And how did Sanxingdui Civilization disappear suddenly like them?
There are some irregular graphical symbols on the potteries and gold stick. Are these symbols just patterns or the characters at that time? If they are just some patterns, why haven’t people of Sanxingdui created their own characters since they had talent skills and splendid culture? If they are characters, why there is no document or related material found till now?
People are often surprised at the excellent skills that are rarely seen in that remote period. Did they learn form the adjacent countries? What kind of tools did they use to process?
After entering the gate of Sanxingdui Museum, appreciate the wares of jade, gold, pottery, etc. and the Holy Bronze Tree in the Exhibition Hall One and admire the brilliant history of ancient Shu. Then, go to the Exhibition Hall Two to enjoy the excellent bronze wares, like the Bronze Mask with Protruding Eyes, Bronze figure, etc., so you could know why this site is so mysterious and significant in historical field.
38 km north from Chengdu city, it is very convenient to arrive at Sanxingdui Museum.
Wuhou Temple Service Spot: 10:00 a.m.; 11:30 a.m. (stopping at Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding)
Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding Service Spot: 12:30 p.m.
If you want to get rid of hustle of public transportation and troublesome navigation, you can book a private tour package which covers sightseeing, dining and transfer from us. Our local tour guide and driver will escort you to Sanxingdui Museum with speed and convenience, and take care of all the details. You just need to focus on sightseeing.
1. English guide are provided in Sanxingdui Museum, for RMB120 / time.
2. The natural sightseeing in Sanxingdui Museum is also worth enjoying after appreciating the historical relics in the two galleries.
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Chengdu / Guanghan (Sanxingdui)
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