Jinsha Site, verifying that Chengdu has a long history of more than 5,000 years, is confirmed to be another important arisen center of culture, economy and politics in Chengdu Plain after the decline of Sanxingdui civilization that is the 9th “World Miracle”. Archaeologists have found a lot of valuable relics from 12th century to 7th century B.C. here in 2001, among which the “Sun and Immortal Bird”gold ornament of exquisite patterns has become the symbol of Chengdu city. Also, many others like golden wares, jade wares, ivory wares, stone wares, elephant tusks, etc. that were all produced with excellent skills, demonstrating this place was once the capital of ancient Shu kingdom that was in the right prosperous period. Covering a wide area of about 300 thousand square meters, Jinsha Site Museum is situated between the 2nd ring road and 3rd ring road, near the downtown of Chengdu city.
Jinsha Site Museum mainly consists of Relics Hall, Exhibition Hall, Sun and Immortal Bird Sculpture, Ebony Forest, Jade Road, etc. so you can closely experience its historical culture.
From the East Entrance of Jinsha Site Museum, you can see the Relics Hall shaped in semicircle. Stepping in, you will be amazed by the so large scale hall that is the original excavation place of those unearthed relics. Walking on the roads paved with wood to see the historical sites within 1 meter, you will feel the antique atmosphere of the sacrificial places where tens of thousands of cultural relics were found, the biggest palace of pre-Qin dynasty in southwest China, tomb places of multiple types, over 70 house foundations, etc.
Five halls are reasonably arranged within this tall building, so you can visit along a logical route starting from the Exhibition Hall No. 1, No. 2, No. 3 to the Exhibition Hall No. 4 and No. 5.
Enter the second main spot in Jinsha Site Museum and go up to the second floor to the Exhibition Hall No.1 where you can enjoy the lifelike scene of ancient daily life in Shu Kingdom with birds chirping, dogs barking, vigorous animals growing in the forest, two brothers taking the game back home to share with their family, etc. Appreciating such scene, you will feel life of ancient people is really idyllic and harmonious. Apart from that, a rich number of unearthed relics of physical components of animals are displayed.
Exiting from the Exhibition Hall No. 1, you can get to the Exhibition No. 2 directly. Various aspects of ancestors about 3000 years ago are showing here in Jinsha Site Museum, such as, residences, tools, potteries, making of jade wares, tombs, all proving the high talent of people in remote time.
Go down to the east of the first floor to the Exhibition Hall No. 3. A series of elephant tusks that are the important relics in Jinsha Site Museum are on display here. Besides, quantities of historical relics are exhibiting here according to materials, like jade, bronze, gold, stone, Bu Jia (oracle tortoise sell), etc. You will be attracted by the solemn and mysterious atmosphere here with the dark light and bead curtains dividing the room.
In the west of the first floor is the Exhibition Hall No. 4. In the center, you can appreciate the essence of Jinsha Site Museum, the “Sun and Immortal Bird” gold ornament, which is 0.02 cm thin, 12.5 cm in outer diameter and 5.29 cm in inner diameter. With a sun with 12 dentate rays in the middle and 4 immortal birds flying around the sun, this ornament expresses people’s respect to sun as well as bird and their pursuit to harmonious life and bright future.
Moreover, you can admire more than 30 exquisite unearthed objects, like the bronze human shaped ware, gold mask, ten sectioned jade Cong, stone tiger, etc.
Walking to the basement first floor, you can see this hall in the west where you can enjoy from Sanxingdui culture, Jinsha-12 bridge culture, to the culture of ancient Shu Kingdom, and have a better knowledge of the historical background of Shu Kingdom.
At the basement first floor. The specially made movie “Dreaming Back to Jinsha” with 4-dimension skill takes you back to 3000 years ago to experience the abundance and beauty of Jinsha in ancient Shu Kingdom. (RMB 20/person)
The sculpture that is both the logo of Chengdu city and the Symbol of Chinese Cultural Heritage is one of the “must see” spots. It is located on the pass from the Exhibition Hall to the South Entrance of Jinsha Museum.
Ebonies are the valuable old trees that were buried under the ancient riverbed and later carbonized after thousands of years. Here in the southeast of Jinsha Site Museum, you can appreciate more than 60 precious ebonies.
Near the South Entrance of Jinsha Site Museum lies the Jade Road that is paved with the unearthed jade and small pebbles. Walking on the road, you can feel the hard process of ancient Shu people carving jade wars.
Apart from the above spots, some other places in Jinsha Site Museum are also worth seeing, like the beautiful natural sightseeing in Waterscape Plaza, high-quality movies in Jinsha Theater, etc.
The discovery of Jinsha Site has given the proof of the long existence of Chengdu, but there are still many mysteries with no answers. You could think about them as following to experience the great and mysterious culture and history of Jinsha.
If the central fireball on the gold ornament stands for the sun, does the 12 rays represent the 12 months in one year or the 12 units (1 unit is equal to 2 hours in today) in one day, or the 4 birds stands mean the 4 seasons in one year? Is this whole pattern the understanding and expression of ancient people to the sun? How did ancient people made it as thin as 0.02 cm?
There was no continuous history following the Sanxingdui Culture, and no one knows where ancient Shu people went. After the finding of Jinsha Site, people guess that people of Sanxingdui might transfer to Jinsha or Jinsha people was a branch of them. Moreover, the unearthed relics confirmed that the ancient Shu people to some degree had connection with Ba people and even others from South Asia and Central Asia.
Many relics from Sanxingdui site are very big, like the bronze figure of 180.6 cm, but those from Jinsha are most small, such as the little bronze figure less than 15 cm. Was there any bigger bronze wares? Could the ancient Jinsha people have the right to make them if Jinsha was a smaller kingdom below Sanxingdui? Are there any bigger bronze wares undiscovered from Jinsha?
There are over 1,000 ivories found here and the longest ivory is 1.85 meters. This is the unique finding among the world prehistoric sites. Were they from the South Asia, Southeast Asia? Were there many elephants growing in Chengdu?
All the stone Bi, stone Zhang, tombs and most building sites were facing the north by west. It is strange that the present structure Chengdu city and main streets in the downtown are also facing north by west. What does that mean? Is there any profound theories?
Enter from the East entrance to see the site in the Relics Hall, and go to the Exhibition Hall to enjoy the vivid life of ancient people and to appreciate the “Sun and Immortal Bird” gold ornament and other precious unearthed objects. Then, go to see the Memorial Sculpture of Chinese Cultural Heritage inspired from the “Sun and Immortal Sun” ornament. Next, go to feel the hardship of ancient Shu people in Jade Road and admire the precious ebonies in Ebony Forest. Also, you can wander along the road to enjoy the beautiful sightseeing in Jinsha Site Museum.(For about 1-2 Hours)
|Number of Visitors||Fee|
|1-10 people:||Chinese: RMB 50/time, foreign language: RMB 100/time;|
|11-20 people:||Chinese: RMB 100/time, foreign language: RMB 150/time;|
|21-30 people:||Chinese: RMB 150/time, foreign language: RMB 250/time;|
|Over 30 people:||Chinese: RMB 5/person/time, foreign language: RMB 10/person/time;|
Note: The above fees are for your reference only, please contact our Travel Consultant for the updated and detail information.
Jinsha Site Museum is not very far from Tianfu Square in the center of Chengdu city, so it is very convenient and time-saving to take a taxi, a subway or a bus to get there.
If you want to get rid of hustle of public transportation and troublesome navigation, you can book a private tour package which covers sightseeing, dining and transfer from us. Our local tour guide and driver will escort you to Jinsha Site Museum with speed and convenience, and take care of all the details. You just need to focus on sightseeing.
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