This morning, our tour guide in Beijing will pick you up from your hotel in Beijing, then take you to catch your high speed train to Qufu (about 2.5hrs), Shandong Province. Upon arrival at Qufu train station, you will be welcomed by local tour guide who will accompany you to explore the life story of the great sage Confucius and his influential Confucianism in three sacred sites in Qufu – Confucius Temple, Kong Family Mansion and Confucius Cemetery.
The Confucius Temple is the largest and most influential temple of Confucius in East Asia. It was originally constructed on the former residence of Confucius in 478 BC, two years after Confucius’ death. The history of the tradition of paying homage in the Confucius Temple can be traced back to 205 BC when the emperor Gao of West Han Dynasty offered sacrifices to memorize Confucius and blessed for good fortune for his empire. Since then, many emperors and high officials followed Gao’s example. In total, there were 12 emperors of different dynasties came to Qufu Confucius Temple personally to worship Confucius.
The Kong (Confucius’ family name) Family Mansion is located to the east of the Confucius Temple. It was the home to Holy Duke of Yen, the direct descendants of Confucius who were in charge of governing the Confucian sites and organizing elaborate ceremonies to worship Confucius. Since its establishment in northern Song Dynasty, the descendants of Confucius have lived, also worked in the mansion for over a thousand years.
The Confucius Cemetery is the private cemetery of Confucius, his more than 100,000 descendants and some of his disciples. The oldest graves can be traced back to Zhou Dynasty, and the most recent graves belong to the 78th generation of Kong family. They are the witnesser of the dominant position of Confucianism in the long feudal society of China.
After the tour, go to check in to your hotel in Qufu City.