Significance of Yinxu Ruins

Located in the northwestern suburb of Anyang City, Yinxu is verified to be the ruins of Yin - the capital of late Shang Dynasty (1600 BC ~ 1046 BC) by oracle bone inscriptions and archaeological excavations. Till now, it enjoys a long history of about 3,300 years. Because of its historical status, it was ranked as the first of 100 great archaeological discoveries in China in the 20th century. Moreover, it is listed in World Cultural Heritage sites by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization in 2006. With a large amount of oracle bones and oracle bone inscriptions found here, it is also honored as the Birthplace of Chinese Archaeology and the Cradle of Oracle Bone Inscriptions. If you are a history & cultural fan interested in the golden age of early Chinese culture, don't miss Yinxu.

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What to See in Yinxu

There are many royal tombs, palaces, shrines and prototypes of early Chinese architecture in Yinxu, from which archaeologists have been able to confirm that Yinxu was the spiritual and cultural center of the Shang Dynasty. The whole scenic area of Yinxu can be divided into two parts, namely Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines (殷墟宫殿宗庙遗址) and Remains of Royal Tombs (殷墟王陵遗址保护区). They are about 5 kilometers away from each other , but you can take a free shuttle bus traveling between them in every 30 minutes. The Tomb of Fu Hao and Yinxu Museum are both located in Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines.

Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines

The Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines is the main part of Yinxu Discovery. Located in Xiaotun Village on the south bank of the Huan River, it covers a total area of 715,000 square meters, reaching 1 kilometer from north to south and 650 meters from east to west. There are over 80 ruins in the whole area, including palaces, ancestral temples and other building.

The Tomb of Fu Hao (妇好墓): It is one of the bigest highlights of Yinxu. Fu Hao, the queen of the Shang Dynasty, is not only an outstanding administrator, but also the earliest female general who had won many battles. The tomb of Fu Hao is the only fully-preserved tomb of royal family members of Shang Dynasty as well as the Shang Dynasty's only tomb of royal family members that the archaeologists could tell her identity and date according to the unearthed oracle bone inscriptions. There are 16 martyrs in the tomb, 1,928 artifacts were unearthed, including 468 bronzes, 755 jade, 564 bones, and nearly 7,000 seashells.

YH127 Oracle Bones Pits (YH127甲骨窖穴): There are numerous oracle bones pits in Yinxu and YH127 Oracle Bones Pit is the most famous one. More than 17,000 carved oracle bones were discovered in this pit. These oracle bones are extremely rich in content, containing sacrifices, hunting, agriculture, astronomy, military, etc., involving all aspects of social life in Shang Dynasty. All these inscriptions providing valuable materials for the study of oracle bone inscriptions and the history of the Shang Dynasty, and is known as the earliest archive.

Yinxu Museum (殷墟博物馆): Yinxu Museum is currently the only professional museum in China that systematically displays the cultural relics of the Shang Dynasty. The museum is planned and designed in strict accordance the landscape of the Yinxu ruins as much as possible. The museum exhibits a series of exquisite cultural relics unearthed in Yin Ruins, including more than 500 national treasures such as pottery, bronze, jade and oracle bone inscriptions. Simuxing Ding is the most precious treasure of the museum.

Besides, there are several groups of foundation sites which show the original layout of the palace of the Shang Dynasty. If you are interested in oracle bone inscriptions, you can visit Stele Gallery of Oracle Bone Inscriptions or Stone Steles of Oracle Bone Inscriptions for an in-depth exploration.

Yinxu Map Click to Enlarge Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines Map
Yinxu Statue of Fuhao
Yinxu Most Precious Simuxing Ding

Remains of Royal Tombs

The Remains of Royal Tombs is located in Wuguan Village on the north bank of the Huan River. It reaches about 450 meters long from east to west and 250 meters wide from north to south, with a total area of about 113,000 square meters. Since 1934, a total of 13 large tombs, more than 2,000 burial tombs, sacrificial pits, and carriage pits have been discovered here, including a large number of exquisitely crafted bronzes, jade, stone, and pottery. If you visit the east area of the Remains of Royal Tombs, you can see most sacrificial pits arranged in an orderly manner. It is believed as a public sacrificial venue for the Yin royal family to worship ancestors. Simuwu Ding (also known as Houmuwu Ding), the largest piece of bronze work found in the world so far, was unearthed in the east area of the Remains of Royal Tombs. Now, it is cherished in National Museum of China.

Yinxu Remains of Royal Tombs

Location & Transportation

How to Get to Yinxu

The main part of Yinxu is located in northern suburb of Anyang City,

  • 8 km away from Anyang City Center, about 30 minutes' drive
  • 200 km away from Zhengzhou, about 3 hours' drive;
  • 280 km away from Dengfeng (Shaolin Temple), about 3.5 hours' drive;
  • 310 km away Luoyang, about 4 hours' drive;

It is quite convenient to travel to Anyang by high speed train. There are over 40 daily high speed trains from Zhengzhou (45mins), over 10 daily high speed trains from Luoyang (1.5hrs) and 1 daily high speed train from Kaifeng (1.5hrs) to Anyang. All the high speed train will arrive at Anyang East Railway Station. You can get to Yinxu by bus (1.5 hours) or taxi (40 minutes' drive). There is no direct bus running from Anyang East Railway Station and you need to make a transfer.

Yinxu Location MapYinxu Location and Transportation Map (click to enlarge)

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If you want to get rid of hustle of public transportation and troublesome navigation, you can book a private tour package which covers sightseeing, dining and transfer from us. Our knowledgeable local tour guide and skilled driver will escort you to Yinxu with speed and convenience, and take care of all the details. You just need to focus on sightseeing.

How to Plan a Yinxu Tour

Usually, it needs 1 day to have Yinxu Tour. You can firstly visit the Remains of Palaces and Royal Ancestral Shrines, and then take a scenic shuttle bus to the Remains of Royal Tombs.

However, Yinxu is far from enough for a history and cultural fan. We strongly suggest spend 2 ~ 3 days visiting Luoyang and nearby Shaolin Temple. Highlights of Luoyang include Longmen Grottoes which is known as the finest examples of Chinese Buddhist art, 1900-year-old White Horse Temple (also China's first Buddhist temple), 2000-year-old burial site - Tianzi Jialiu Museum and beautiful Luoyang Museum with a lot of history to tell. Of course, you can't miss a Kung Fu exploration in Shaolin Temple (in Dengfeng city) if you visit Luoyang. It is only 55 km (about 1.5 hours' drive) away from Luoyang City.

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It's also recommended to extend your Luoyang tour to its attractive neighbors. After Shaolin Temple visit, you can spend 1 day exploring Zhengzhou or Kaifeng. If you are fond of nature, Mount Yuntai, Guoliang Village, etc.

3 Days Luoyang & Yuntai Mountain Tour (Luoyang / Yuntai Mountain)

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Longmen Grottoes Our Customers visited Luoyang Longmen Grottoes

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