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Kaifeng (开封), anciently called Bianjing and Bianliang, is located in the mid-east part of Henan province. Kaifeng has been listed as a famous historic and cultural city in China, not only because it has a long history of more than 3000 years and is one of the 8 main ancient capital cities in China, but also for that it is rich in the traditional Chinese culture, showing in lots of tourist attractions and especially in the historic story of Bao Qingtian (Bao Zheng, 包拯) judging the bad persons in the ancient administrative building.
Moreover, Kaifeng is the place of origin of the excellent work of the “River Scene at Qingming Festival” (清明上河图), and therefore, it enjoys a beautiful reputation of “Dongjing Dream” to compliment the harmonious and prosperous scene along the Bian River in Kaifeng.
To explore the historical charm of Kaifeng city, you can go multiple famous attractions there, among which the Millennium City Park and Iron Pagoda Park are the must-visit places in your Kaifeng Tour. Check them below for the detail information.
The Millennium City Park or Qingming Shanghe Park presents the prosperous and harmonious scene in the world famous “River Scene at Qingming Festival” painting. Authentic flavor of folk life in Song dynasty and the rich culture of Kaifeng in ancient China can be enjoyed with the abundant featured buildings, shows, artifacts, local items, etc.
Iron Pagoda Park has gained its popularity with the iron pagoda within. The pagoda was built in 1049 AD with brown glazed bricks, like iron-made, and still stands well there. Many people marvel at the talented skill and the more than 10 types of patterns carved on the bricks. Also, you will enjoy the really good Buddha engraved of white jade in graceful look.
Xiangguo Temple, or Daxiangguo Temple, built in 555 AD is one the 10 famous Chinese temples in China. This great temple is the center of all temples in China during that time and is rich in precious building relics and cultural remaining which makes it a great place to know about the Buddhist culture of ancient China.
Memorial Temple of Lord Bao first built near 1000 years ago is reconstructed to memorize Bao Zheng who is a famous honest and upright official in North Song dynasty. Rare relics of Bao and some wall paintings of the judging scene totally express the power and boldness of Bao and lead visitors know about the story of this great politician.
Kaifeng Fu is the ancient official government in Song dynasty and was rebuilt in 1662. Many aspects like emperors, government offices, imperial examinations, etc. show the essence of culture in Song, giving a chance to know better about China. Palaces, sceneries and nearly daily shows of Kaifeng history are really worth to pay a visit.
Dragon Pavilion Park (Long Ting) featured with many elegant palaces in Qing dynasty and the site from Song dynasty presents the imperial buildings in ancient China.Besides, it becomes a popular tourist place for its beautiful clear wide lake and the antique pavilions and the national only one wax work museum of Song dynasty.
Kaifeng is a historic city of rich culture, so you can take your time enjoying all the interesting activities. Check the following information to see the featured activities in this city.
Yu Opera is one of China’s 5 main operas and is regarded as the “Oriental Aria”. It expresses people’s emotions and life by vivid performance and clear singing and is welcomed by people of all ages for its humor. You can visit Kaifeng Yu Opera Theater to enjoy the show and know about the traditional stories in ancient China.
Kaifeng Drum (Pan Drum) is a wonderful folk culture. In many festivals like the New Year’s Day, Chinese Lunar Year Festival, National Day, Chrysanthemum Exhibition, etc., drum performance and competitition will be held in the Kaifeng main tourist attractions, which is reputed by many people.
Chrysanthemum is the city flower of Kaifeng, and every year, there will be more than 200 sorts of different chrysanthemum flowers exhibiting in five areas in Kaifeng, which provides a great chance to appreciate the blooming floras to the public. To see the exhibition, tourists can visit Kaifeng during the middle of October to the middle of November.
Kaifeng is abundant with a series of tasteful food with the local features. Kaifeng Soup Dumpling spread in Kaifeng is very fresh and famous worldwide. Besides, the stir-fried bean jelly, Babao Rice, Baked Bread with Mutton, etc. and other food with local Kaifeng flavor will please your taste tongue.
Kaifeng belongs to the warm temperate continental monsoon climate region. It shows clear distinction in all four seasons, and usually it is cold and dry in winter, drought and windy in spring, hot and rainy in summer, and fine in autumn, with an annual average temperature of about 14.52℃. It rains a lot during July and August and the average annual precipitation is around 627.5 mm.
Spring (March to May) and autumn (September to October) are the best seasons to visit Kaifeng, because of the not too hot or too cold weather during that time. If you visit in summer, it is recommended to prepare the sun scream, sunglasses and other relative items to protect from the strong UV.
To arrive at Kaifeng, there are many ways for your choices, like flight, train, coach, etc.
There is no airport in Kaifeng city, and among all the airports in Henan province, Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport about 70 km away is the nearest one to Kaifeng city. Till now, there are 106 airlines connecting Kaifeng with many Domestic cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Chongqing, Xian, etc. Besides, there are 22 international airlines flying to and from other countries and regions, like Italy, Singapore, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand, etc.
Furthermore, there are coaches running to Kaifeng city during 10:00 to 23: 00 that start every half to 1 hour and needs about 1.5 hour to arrive.
Xuzhou-Lanzhou High-speed Railway is about to open up in September, 2016, which links Kaifeng, Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Xian, Lanzhou, etc. At the scheduled time, you can arrive at Kaifeng North Railway Station to start your tour. At present, Kaifeng Railway Station is mainly for visitors’ service. Inter-city train is available from Zhengzhou to Songcheng Railway Station in Kaifeng. Bullet trains are available to and from Shanghai, Zhengzhou, Hangzhou, Nanjing, and Jinan. Besides, fast trains connecting Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Tianjin, Qingdao, Shenzhen, Shenyang, Xiamen, etc. are also good choices. And moreover, there are also normal trains running from and to Taiyuan, Beijing, etc. are available too.
Coaches from Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Anyang, Shangqiu, etc. to Kaifeng city are available every day. And you can start from Zhengzhou for about 1 to 1.5 hours.
Transportation in Kaifeng
Bus is one the main transportations in Kaifeng city, which takes RMB 1 to 2 for all the way. Also, taxi and rickshaws are very convenient in your Kaifeng tour.
There are many good hotels, hostels and inns in Kaifeng city. Among all the choices, the new Century Grand Hotel Kaifeng and Zhongzhou International Hotel are the top popular luxury five-star hotels in recent period, since they provide wide rooms, full equipment, nice staff, and confortable environment, etc. Also, many comfort hotels are good choices, like Zhongzhou Yazhu Hotel that has been recommended by many tourists. Furthermore, you can find many good economy hotels and inns in Kaifeng, with some near the tourist attractions, some at the downtown area, and some near the railway station or the bus stations, and so on, such as the Four Seasons Hotel, etc.
Here we list some very useful maps about Kaifeng City for your reference. You can feel free to use them when you want to know the attractions, location.
After a Kaifeng tour, you can take a fast train to other cities in Henan province, such as Xinxiang (about 2.5 hours), Xuchang (about 2 hours), and Jiaozuo (about 2 hours), etc. and take a bullet train to Zhengzhou (about 40 min) to find more interesting attractions. Discovery now!
Chinese Name: 开封
Chinese Pinyin: kāi fēng
English IPA: /' kaɪ ' fʌŋ /
Population: 4,500 thousand
Language: Mandarin & Kaifeng Dialect
Tel Code: 0371
Zip Code: 475000
Time Zone: (UTC+8)
Visitors usually plan a Kaifeng tour of 3 to 4 days together with the nearby cities in Henan to enjoy most top popular attractions. So you can do so to visit the Millennium City Park, Kaifeng Fu, Dragon Pavilion Park, Iron Pagoda Park, Xiangguo Temple, Memorial Temple of Lord Bao and other places of interests in Kaifeng and Yellow River Scenic Area and Shaolin Temple in Zhengzhou, Yuntai Mountain in Jiaozuo, the Longmen Grottoes in Luoyang and attractions in other cities.
If you have limited time, you can spend one to two days to see the Millennium City Park, Iron Pagoda Park, Xiangguo Temple, Memorial Temple of Lord Bao, Kaifeng Fu, Dragon Pavilion Park in Kaifeng to know about this historic city.
You can feel free to contact our professional travel consultants to customize your own itineraries which would perfectly suit your likes and requirements.
Zhengzhou / Kaifeng / Dengfeng / Luoyang
Zhengzhou / Anyang / Kaifeng / Dengfeng / Luoyang
[Important] Travel News for Expats: China travel is reopening now! Travel with China Discovery and learn about where to visit & requirements for each destination! Read Details >