Why Visit Hongcun Ancient Village?
Hongcun is the China you think of when you think of ancient China. Many of the buildings in Hongcun can date back to the Song Dynasty (A.D. 960 - 1279) and is regarded as the best example of typical Hui-style architecture. Called “the ancient village in Chinese paintings”, Hongcun is so quiet, peaceful and beautiful which was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000, together with Xidi.
After Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon was filmed in Hongcun, more and more people get to know this ancient village. Many travelers choose to visit this beautiful village before or after the Mt. Huangshan trip.
Most Popular Huangshan tour including Hongcun
Location & Transportation
Hongcun Ancient Village is located in Yixian County, about 65 km from Huangshan Tunxi downtown area, and 37 km from Mt. Huangshan Scenic Area. It is about 10 km from Xidi Ancient Village.
Transfer to/off Hongcun Ancient Village
Travelers can use our private service (including private car and private tour guide) to transfer to Hongcun Ancient Village, as well as Xidi Ancient Village for one-day trip. If you are independent travelers, you can visit Hongcun by bus or taxi. The bus schedule below is for yuor reference.
- From Huangshan downtown area to Hongcun: Sightseeing buses are available in Huangshan Bus Station. Buses run at 08:00, 09:00, 10:00, 11:00, 13:00, 14:00 and 16:00 from Huangshan to Hongcun.
- From Tangkou (Mt. Huangshan) to Hongcun: There is a bus station located in Mount Huangshan Front Gate. Buses are available from Tangkou to Yixian at 07:20, 09:40, and 13:40.
- From Xidi to Hongcun: buses from Huangshan downtown area will pass Xidi to Hongcun, travelers should wait for the bus at Xidi. Or, travelers can take local bus to Yixian County and then take bus to Hongcun village.
Recommended Huangshan tours including Hongcun
History of Hongcun
Hongcun Ancient Village can date back to the southern Song Dynasty with a history of 900 years. In 1131, it was home to members of the Wang clan with 13 traditional houses at the beginning. It flourished during the Ming (A.D. 1368 - 1644) and Qing (A.D. 1644 - 1911) dynasties when it became a trade center. Most of the buildings, like South Lake Academy, Lexu Hall, Chengzhi Hall, Sanli Hall, Shuren Hall from this period still exit in this village today.
Layout of Hongcun Ancient Village
During the Ming Dynasty, the governor of Hongcun Village invited He Kaida, a famous fengshui master, for three times. He Kaika found that the landform of Hongcun Village was like a lying ox, so it was better to construct the village in the shape of an Ox (Chinese character for cow). Leigang Hill at the west end of the village is the head, two huge trees (poplar and ginkgo) are the horns and the village itself forms the body. The canal system functions as its intestines and the central half-moon Yue Zhao pond is the stomach and the larger South Lake the abdomen. The four bridges spanning the Jiyin stream at the front and rear of the village represent the Ox’s legs.
This well-designed layout is very wise and practical. The street plan, landscape, architecture, decoration and the integration of houses with comprehensive water systems are still of great value and use today.
What to See in Hongcun
The moment you arrive in Hongcun, you will enjoy the charming landscape stretching before your eyes: morning mists, gray tilts, white walls, stone bridges, water lily ponds and verdant hills in the background. It is the real Chinese painting unfolding before you. Exploring this ancient village, you are recommended to see the South Lake, Moon Pond, Chengzhi Hall, South Lake Academy, Deyi Hall, Shuren Hall, Chengde Hall, Jingxiu Hall and Bi Garden, etc.
South Lake (南湖)
Located in the south of Hongcun, South Lake was built in the Ming Dynasty in 1607. Taking West Lake in Hangzhou as its example, South Lake is in the shape of an arch and the lake embankment is divided into two layers. Willow weeping, birds singing, duck playing, water lily blooming…It is very relaxing to spend some time in this area. Hence, it is called the “Little West Lake” at the foot of Yellow Mountain. South Lake Academy enjoys a delicious setting on the tranquil South Lake.
Crescent-Shaped Moon Pond (月沼)
Located in the heart of Hongcun, the crescent-shaped Moon Pond is the Ox’s stomach. It was built during the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368 - 1644). The Moon Pond is green all year around, like a bright mirror. During the visit here, travelers can always find senior people sitting leisurely to chat with each other, ladies doing some washing by the lake, and kids playing around… What a happy and peaceful scene!
Chengzhi Hall (承志堂)
Chengzhi Hall is the best-preserved old building in Yixian County and earns a reputation as the “Folk Forbidden City”. Built in 1855, it was the residence of Wang Dinggui, a wealthy salt merchant in the Qing dynasty. The whole building is in wooden structure. Wooden beams and wall panels are decorated with intricate carvings of different themes, such as natural scenery, Chinese mythology or ordinary life scenes from the Qing dynasty. Many of them are gilded in gold.
Recommended Visiting Route
It takes 3 or 4 hours to visit Hongcun Ancient Village. Travelers can follow this route to travel: Entrance – Two Old Trees - South Lake – South Lake Academy – Jingde Hall – Wang Dade’s Former Residence – Wuben Hall – Moon Pond – Lexu Hall – Jingxiu Hall – Chengzhi Hall – Deyi Hall – Taoyuan Hall – Entrance – Get Departure
Best Time to Visit Hongcun
Generally speaking, Hongcun, as a historical site, is suitable for visiting all year around. Because the main highlights are its ancient architectures, alleys, bridges, etc. But sometimes, the seasonal changes can make your travel different. It is much recommended to visit Hongcun during following two periods of time:
1) March and April - surrounding mountains get vibrant, and there are many flowers blooming in the village. At the same time, it is not as crowded as in summer and autumn.
2) Late October to Early November – the super heat of domestic tourism start to drop, but the autumn scenery around Hongcun and nearby Tachuan is amazing. Besides, the weather is pretty pleasant.
Attractions around Hongcun Village
Xidi Ancient Village
Xidi Ancient Village, another ancient village in Yixian County, was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000, along with Hongcun Ancient Village. There are still 00 ancient dwelling left from Ming and Qing Dynasties, among them, there are 124 well-preserved. Hence, it got a very beautiful name “Household in Peach Blossom Garden”. The main sights in Xidi include Hu Wenguang’s Memorial Archway, Lingyu Attic, East Garden, West Garden, Dafu Grand Hall, Shangde Hall, etc.
Yellow Mountain (Mt. Huangshan)
Yellow Mountain, also called Mt. Huangshan or Huangshan Mountain, was listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. It is famous for the five wonders - odd-shaped pines, spectacular rocky peaks, sea of clouds, hot spring and winter snow. A visit to Yellow Mountain, you can also catch the best chance to watch sunrise, sunglow and sunset. Immerse yourselves in the fascinating scenery by exploring Beginning-to-believe Peak, Black Tiger Pine, Refreshing Terrace, Stone Monkey Watching the Sea, Lion Peak, Purple Cloud Peak, Flying over Rock, Bright Summit, Xihai Grand Canyon , etc.
How to Plan a Hongcun Tour
With ancient history, valuable cultural heritage, beautiful scenery, and convenient transportation, Hongcun is always on the top list of Huizhou villages. There are several ways to explore this village and the attractions around. For example, you can take a 4 Days Huangshan Mountain and Local Village Walking Tour to walk along the Xidi-Hongcun Ancient Pathway (8.2km). During the trip, you will meet green jungle, flowing canals, and rural villages. Without lofty mountains or tiring ups and downs, the whole trip is rather relaxing.
If you are more of a biking type, it is also available. You will be able to visit more villages in this 4 Days Scenic Huangshan Mountain Tour with Hongcun Biking. The biking trip is about 14km long, starting from Hongcun, via Tachuan and Xieli, to Mukeng, and then returning back to Hongcun. It usually takes about 2~3 hours to finish the biking. You will ride mainly along the country highway with slight ups and downs, and you can stop by from time to time to enjoy the scenery and take some photos along the way.
Photos can not only keep the scenery, but also a good reminder of the happy memories in a trip. Mount Huangshan, Hongcun, and Xidi are all rich in both natural and cultural beauty. The 5 Days Huangshan Photography Tour with Xidi & Hongcun Villages will provide you with the best photography experience.
The routes listed above are just for your reference, they are all adjustable according to your own interests, schedule, or traveling budget. If you have any idea or question, please feel free to contact us. Our prefessional traveling consultants will reply to you in 24 hours.
Useful Hongcun Travel Tips
1. Extra Fee Needed
When visit some halls in Hongcun, you need to pay extra fees, Deyi Hall for 2 Yuan, Chengde Hall for 2 Yuan, Bi Garden for 5 Yuan.
2. Photography Tips
The early morning and late afternoon are the best time to do photography. It is less crowded in the early morning. You can take some pictures of the primitive life of the local people, or the South Lake and Moon Pond immersed in the sunglow. If you are interested in the architectures in the village, you can stroll along the narrow alley with your camera. To have panoramic pictures of Hongcun, Leigang Hill is a recommended spot.
3. Tea Drinking in Hongcun
To enjoy some relaxing time in Hongcun, you can spend some minutes drinking tea while appreciating the beautiful scenery. Deyi Hall, Genxin Hall and Qinjian Pavilion are the choices to drink tea.
4. Toilet Location
There are two free public toilets tourists can use. One is located outside the Hongcun Ancient Village, near the Ticket Office of Tourist Center. It provides two separate public toilet rooms for women and men, including both squat toilets and Western sitting style toilets. The other one is inside the village, next to the Chengzhi Hall (承志堂).
Top Attractions in Huangshan
- Yellow Mountain (Mt. Huangshan)
- West Sea Grand Canyon
- Xidi Ancient Village
- Tunxi Ancient Street
- Hu Kaiwen Ink Factory
- Tangyue Memorial Archways
- Bao Family's Garden
- Huizhou Ancient City
- Chengkan Village
- Nanping Village
- Bishan Village
- Tachuan Village
- Lucun Village
- Guanlu Ancient Street
- Tangmo Ancient Village
- Mukeng Bamboo Forest
- Xinan River Landcape Gallery
- More Attractions in Huangshan
Extension Readings of Huangshan Travel Guide
- How to Plan Mount Huangshan Tour
- What to See on Yellow Mountain
- Activities in Huangshan
- Yellow Mountain Hotels
- Huangshan City Hotels
- Tangkou Hotels
- Huangshan Maps
- Best Time to Visit Huangshan
- Huangshan Transfer Guide
- What to Pack
- Huizhou Culture
- Huangshan Cuisine
- Huangshan Travel FAQs & Tips
- Huangshan Photo Gallery
- All Huangshan Travel Guide
Recommended Huangshan Hongcun Tours
Top 3 Huangshan Hongcun tours chosen by most customers to explore Huangshan Hongcun in the best way. Check the detailed itinerary, or tailor your own trip now with us.
Tunxi - Huangshan - Tunxi
Tunxi - Huangshan Mountain - Hongcun - Xidi
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