Guizhou is the home of many varieties of Miao, Dong, Shui, Bouyei and other ethnic minorities. Travelers could meet many of the ethnic groups in the three autonomous prefectures - Southeast Guizhou Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, South Guizhou Bouyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture and Southwest Guizhou Bouyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.
Kaili and around, in Southeast Guizhou, becomes the top destination to explore the ethnic daily life, cultures, festivals and more. If you want to have in-depth ethnic minority exploration, you could take Guiyang, Kaili, Rongjiang and Congjiang route.
Miao Ethnic minority is the fifth minority among the 55 minorities in China. Guizhou has 4,299,954 Miao people which accounts for 48% of the total Miao. It is mainly located in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture, Qiannan Bouyei and Miao Autonomous, Qianxinan Bouyei Miao Autonomous Prefecture etc. For the different locations and different costumes, there are different types of Miao Ethnic Minority. It can be named “Long-Shirt Miao ”, “Short-Skirt Miao”, “Long-horn Miao”, “Red Miao”, “Black Miao”, “White Miao”, “Green Miao”, “Small Flowery Miao” etc.
Long Horn Miao in Guizhou
Miao people are very talented when it comes to weaving, embroidering, batik, paper-cutting and jewelry casting. The Miao silver jewelry casting and embroidery is very famous around China. The most important festivals of Miao are Miao New Year Festival, Lusheng Festival, Sisters’ Meal Festival, Siyueba Festival. During the festivals, visitors a lot of interesting activities with locals, including antiphonal singing, Lusheng dance, bullfighting, cock fighting, horse racing and other featured activities.
Miao Sisters' Meal Festival in Shidong, Kaili
Kaili, located in Southeast Guizhou, is the best destination to visit the Miao ethnic group. There are many Miao villages like Xijiang 1000-family Miao Village, Short Shirt Miao Village at Datang, Jidao Long Shirt Miao Village, Upper Langde Miao Village, Shiqiao Miao Village, Taijiang Shidong Miao Village, Matang Gejia Village etc. Extend a little far away to Rongjiang County to visit Baibei Miao Village, Kongshen Miao Village or reach Rongjiang County to explore Basha Miao Village.
Xijiang Miao Village in Kaili
>> 4 Days Kaili Miao Minority Villages Tour (Guiyang / Kaili / Guiyang)
>> 5 Days Guizhou Miao & Dong Minority Tour (Guiyang / Kaili / Rongjiang / Congjiang / Zhaoxing / Congjiang)
Basha Miao Village in Congjiang
Dong minority group is one of Guizhou’s largest minority groups. They are mainly located in Liping, Congjiang, Rongjiang, Zhenyuan, Yuping, Jianhe, Jinping in Guizhou.
The Dong houses, drum towers, bridges are made without nails. Dong Drum Towers and Wind and Rain Bridges usually house their gods and also use for gathering place for community events. While, Dong people live in villages of 20-30 households located near streams and some villages are very large with about 1000 households. Their houses , built in fir wood, are usually two or three stories high. The houses located on steep slopes, riverbanks stand on stilts. People usually live in the upper floors and the first ground floor is used for domestic animals and firewood. The main food of Dong is rice. In the mountainous areas, glutinous rice is eating with peppers and pickled vegetables.
Dong minority has many important festivals like New Year Festival, Worshiping Ox Festival, New Harvest Festival, Pure Brightness Festival, Dragon Boat Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival etc. Need to mention here, the Grand Song of the Dong Ethnic Minority Group is famous throughout China also in the world. It is a kind of folk music and also a cultural treasure of Dong. Travelers could appreciate the Grand Song of Dong Minority in Xiaohuang Dong Village in Congjiang County, Guizhou.
Grand Song of Dong Ethnic Group
Leishan County is Southeast Guizhou is the division of Miao and Dong minority. In the south of Leishan, travel to Rongjiang to explore Dali Dong Village, Zaidang Dong Village, Sanbao Dong Village, Zengchong Dong Village, Judong Dong Village and extend to Congjiang County to visit Xiaohuang Dong Village, Huanggang Dong Village, Yintan Dong Village, Zhanli Dong Village and get little far away to Liping County to Zhaoxing Dong Village, Tang’an Dong Village, Dimen Dong Village etc. Different Dong Villages show different cultures, customs, legends. Travelers would never get bored to explore the villages.
>> 7 Days Guizhou Ethnic Minority Villages In-depth Tour (Guiyang / Kaili / Rongjiang / Congjiang / Zhaoxing / Congjiang)
Wind and Rain Bridge of Dong
Shui Minority is another minority among 55 ethnic minorities. They mostly live in Sandu Shui Autonomous County, Libo, County, Duyun County, Dushan County in Qiannan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in Rongjiang, Danzhai, Leishan, Congjiang and Liping in Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture.
The Shui ethnic minority is known for their folk arts including paper-cutting, stone-carving, silver jewelry making, and batik techniques. And the Shui minority has their own calendar which basically follows the lunar calendar of Han people. Also, they have their own traditional festivals such as the Duan Festival, Mao Festival, Suningxi Festival, Jian Festival, Jingxia Festival.
The best place to understand Shui people’s culture is Sandu Shui Autonomous County. Explore Shui minority culture in Bamao Shui Village, Zenlei Shui Village, Bangao Ethnic Culture Village etc. Some travelers get to Bameng Village of Shui Group in Rongjiang County.
Bameng Shui Village
Bouyei ethnic minority is the 11th largest minority of the 56 ethnic minorities. About 97% Bouyei people live in Guizhou province, in Bouyei-Miao autonomous counties in Xingyi and Anshun prefectures and Qingnan Bouyei-Miao Autonomous Prefecture in Guizhou Province. Some of other Bouyei people also live in Qingdongnan Miao-Dong Autonomous Prefecture or near Guiyang.
The Bouyei live mostly on plains or in river valleys in rural villages in two-storied houses. People often live on an upper floor and keep livestock on the lower. Bouyei people own a rich folk literature, including fairy tales, fables, folk songs, proverbs and poems. The Bouyei people are very skilled in arts and crafts and they make colorful and beautifully-patterned batik. They celebrate festivals as the Han people, but they have their own festivals to celebrate on the Third Day of the Third Lunar Month, the Eighth day of the fourth lunar month, the sixth day of the sixth lunar month etc.
Bouyei Ethnic Minority in Anshun
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