Located in Sandouping, Yichang City, Hubei Province, 38km from Gezhouba Water Control Project in the downstream, Three Gorges Dam is the main work of Three Gorges Project, which is the largest hydropower project in the world. Three Gorges Dam is 2308m in length and 185m in height, and the project started from December 14th, 1994, and it's completed and fully functional as of July 4th, 2012 (except for a ship lift, which was complete in December 2015). After its building, the total electric generating capacity of the dam is 22,550 MW.
The scenic area of Three Gorges Dam covers an area of 15.28km2. Taking the dam itself as the main attraction, the scenic area now has three parts open to public: Tanziling Ridge, 185 Platform and the Commemorating Park of the Interception. The scenic area fully shows the culture of the hydropower project, and it also provide a multi-functional experience which combines tourism, education, leisure and entertainment into one, and also makes a perfect combination of modern engineering, natural scenery and human landscape.
After arriving the Tourist Reception Center, tourists can take sightseeing bus in the scenic area to get to the three opening attractions. Each of them has its own perspective to see Three Gorges Dam: Tangziling Ridge can overlook the dam; 185 Platform has the eyelevel view of the dam; while the Commemorating Park can look up to the dam.
Once entering the scenic area, the first attraction you'll meet is Tangziling Ridge, which is the earliest developed attraction. It was opened since 1997, and due to the observation platform is like a upside-down jar, so it's named as Tanziling (Tanzi means jar in Chinese). With an altitude of 262.48m, Tangziling Ridge is the best place to observe Three Gorges Dam. Tourists can not only watch the magnificent dam, but also see the Three Gorges Dam Ship Locks – the five-level Ship Locks is the largest ship locks in the world, with an overall length of 6.4km, and the water level difference of it reaches to 113m, which means ships need to climb up and down 40 floor's height when they passing the ship locks.
Tanziling Ridge can be divided into three layers (connected by elevators) according to height from top to the bottom. Main attractions in Tangziling Ridge are Exhibition Hall, Observation Platform, Headstone of Three Gorges, etc.
185 Platform is located at the left side next to the dam crest of Three Gorges Dam. It's located at the same height of Three Gorges Dam, with an altitude of 185m, thus it's named 185 Platform. In here, tourists can see the water level of the upstream of Yangtze River, the entrance for the ship locks and the main architectures of the dam. Standing on the 185 Platform and look over, it's just like standing on the crest of the dam.
Among the three attractions, only the Commemorating Park is located at the south bank of Yangtze River. There is the downstream of Yangtze River, and tourists can look up to the Three Gorges Dam. In the Commemorating Park, there is exhibition hall, where you can learn more detailed information of Three Gorges Dam Project. Besides, tourists can also see artificial hill made of interception stones and exhibitions of the large-scale construction machinery. Since it's located in the downstream, thus, there is the great place to take photo with the panoramic view of Three Gorges Dam.
Three Gorges Dam Project has brought great benefits to China since its establishment.
Generation Function: Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric power station in the world. With 34 generators, the expected annual electricity generation will be over 100 TWh. Due to this generation capacity, the Three Gorges Dam greatly relieve the electricity tense in the downstream of Yangtze River, like Shanghai and Hubei.
Flood Control Benefit: when the reservoir of Three Gorges Dam operates, the reserved flood control capacity is 22.15bn cubic meters, and the peak discharge of flood can reach to 27,000 ~ 33,000 m3/s. Three Gorges Dam has improved the flood control ability of China greatly.
Navigation Benefit: from Chongqing City to Three Gorges reservoir, the project will improve 660km shipping route. Annual one-way navigation ability has improved from 10 million tons to 50 million tons.
Drought Resistance Ability: if the downstream of the river encounters drought, then the dam can draw off more water to relieve the drought.
Three Gorges Dam is located in Sandouping Town, Yichang City, which is about 40km from the city center. Tourists taking the cruise ship don't need to worry about the transportation, for the ship will pass the Three Gorges Dam and you'll have time to make a shore excursion to it. For other travelers, you can take the travel bus at Yichang Tourist Center. There are only two buses a day, and they depart at 8:00 and 13:00 ~ 14:00. In Yichang city center, tourists can also take public bus (No.4, 100, 101, 10) and get off at "Yemingzhu" stop, then transfer to bus No.8 and get off at "Zhanlanguan" stop, then walk about 5 minutes to get to the tourist center of Three Gorges Dam.
After arriving at the tourist center of the scenic area, tourists can take sightseeing bus to tour the whole scenic area. The sightseeing bus has two routes: A route (¥35/person) and B route (¥18/person). The sightseeing bus will transfer among Tangziling Ridge, 185 Platform and Commemorating Park (B route doesn't include the Commemorating Park), and it will depart every 20 minutes.
For those who take cruise ship, you can accommodate in the ship. While for others, since half day will be enough to visit Three Gorges Dam, so if tourists want to spend more time in Yichang, then it's suggested to stay overnight near the city center. You can find various hotels in Yichang, from starred hotels to mansion style hotels, or home inns. The price for normal starred hotels is from ¥200 to ¥300, and most of them are located in the city center. Of course you can find quite good hotels near the scenic area, however, the price is more expensive.
Spring and autumn are the most comfortable seasons, warm and fresh, and sunshine is also abundant during these time. However, as for the best time for visiting the Three Gorges Dam, June to July may be the best time in a year. Summer is the rainy season, and the rainfall is abundant during this time, so tourists may see the famous scenery of Three Gorges Dam – flood discharge scenery. Although the flood discharge time is not predictable, tourists have a great chance to see the scenery in rainy season.
In summer, it's very hot in midday time, so if you visit at this time, then use sunblock, hat, sunglasses and even UV umbrella to protect your yourself from the sun burns. At the mean time, remember to drink water for water replenishment.
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